The bypass surgery treatment or the coronary bypass surgery is opted for replacing the damaged arteries in the heart. A cardiologist uses fresh blood vessels from other parts of the body for replacing the damaged arteries. The heart bypass surgery is normally performed when the coronary arteries, supplying blood and oxygen to the heart become damaged or blocked. When there is a blockage in the arteries, the flow of blood is restricted and the heart is not able to function properly leading to failure of the heart. Your cardiologist would evaluate your condition to check whether you require a single bypass, double bypass, triple or quadruple bypass heart surgery. An individual's chances of having a heart failure or heart attack or any other cardiac problems depend on the number and extent of arteries blocked. It goes without saying that the higher the number of blockages, the more complicated it becomes, and also there are some medical conditions which may further complicate the surgery include emphysema, high blood pressure, high blood sugar, kidney problems and peripheral arterial disease. Like any other surgery, heart operation also carries some risks and complications after the surgery, which include bleeding, blood clots, infection, chest pain, arrhythmia, infection, kidney failure, fever, loss of memory and heart attack. But the recent advancements have helped in the improvement of the process thus increasing the chances of successful surgery and also there are several alternatives to the heart bypass surgery like EECP, balloon angioplasty and medications which help in controlling the symptoms of heart disorders.
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