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Dr. Kaushik Saha

Pediatrician, Kolkata

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Dr. Kaushik Saha Pediatrician, Kolkata
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I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care....more
I'm a caring, skilled professional, dedicated to simplifying what is often a very complicated and confusing area of health care.
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Dr. Kaushik Saha is an experienced Pediatrician in 24 Parganas, Kolkata. You can consult Dr. Kaushik Saha at Dr. Kaushik Saha's Clinic in 24 Parganas, Kolkata. Book an appointment online with Dr. Kaushik Saha and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

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Diet For Toddlers

M.Sc. in Dietetics and Food Service Management , Post Graduate Diploma In Computer Application, P.G.Diploma in Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics , B.Sc.Clinical Nutrition & Dietetics
Dietitian/Nutritionist, Mumbai

Menu planning for diet of indian toddlers:

Indian diet plan for toddler

In the above given chart, the outer 6 boxes represent the different food groups. This chart will help you in planning your own menu based on your convenience and timing for your baby. Follow the following tips for planning a healthy menu for your toddler.

The trick is to simply add at least 1 item from each group through out the day. Ofcourse you can use a particular group more than 2 times too. But in order to maintain variety in terms of taste and nutrition, its important to plan from each group. Ex – you can plan for rice in the afternoon and oats in the evening menu. Both the items belong to the cereal group and are equally healthy.

Make your choices of food from the given food group more interesting for the kid. Ex – instead of feeding your baby with rice and milk every day, introduce variety. Plan for rice and curd, or lightly lemon flavored rice, mix rice with mung dal from pulses group to add protein and variety to your kids menu.

After your kid turns 15 – 16 months old, you can mix up 2 or more food groups together. Ex – oats porridge with apple. Here oats cover the cereal group, milk will cover up for protein and apple will cover the fruits group. Some kids with good digestibility can tolerate the mixed groups concept right from 12 month on wards.

Cereal group – This group includes cereals like rawa (semolina), ragi, rice, oats, wheat and its products like brown bread, wheat based biscuits. These cereals are easy to digest. Initially its best to grind the food product, or mash it well to avoid choking. Some kids take time to learn to chew.

Milk and milk products group – As the name suggests this group includes all varieties with milk. Cows milk has the best digestibility. Hence it is preferable to give you kids cow’s milk. You can later introduce him with milk products like cheese, curd, buttermilk and paneer. Cheese on brown bread is a good snacking option for your 2+ year old toddler. They relish it.

Non – vegetarian protein group – This group includes chicken, eggs and fish. I would really recommend you to start your kid a little late with fish. May be after he is 2 +. This will ensure his digestion capacity. It is not that kids do not eat fish before this age. There are individual differences and food preferences. All you need to do is ensure about your kids digestion capacity,
 And allergic reactions to these foods.

Dals and pulses group – Start with easily digestible dals like mung dal. Once they are tolerated well by the kid, you can then move forward to slowly introduce her with all the other varieties of dals, and pulses. Make sure the first time you try any new pulse, it should be diluted enough. If your baby has any sign of intolerance towards these foods, like change in color of stool, hard stool or watery stool or gases or stomach ache after the intake, reintroduce the food after a week in a diluted form

Fruits and vegetables – The fruits and vegetables that are mentioned under the groups in the above info graphic diagram, can be used in any form. You can mash the fruits, make juice out of it, pressure cook the fruit for 1 whistle and then mash it (apple). Or you can hand over them as slices to your kids. So they also learn to eat on their own. You can use vegetables in soup forms or cooked vegetable form, just the way you consume it at home. Make sure you add little or no spices to the preparation. You can introduce the spices and masala for the baby after she is 2.5 + years of age.
 

Fats and sugars – This group is placed in the center on purpose. Although you need to use very little amount of fats and sugar for your toddler, but please do not ignore this group. Your baby really needs good fats for better digestion. Don’t forget that these little ones also require tasty foods just like us. You can add sugar or jaggery to their food preparations.

Note – You need to feed your growing toddler every 2- 3 hrs, don’t wait for them to signal for hunger. Kids get really cranky and irritated if they go without food for long. To become a smart mom, you need to set your timetable accordingly. Keep your busiest hours for their milk feeds. But do not over do milk. Excess milk feeds and no solid will make her/ him hate food. They may also get loose motions, uncontrolled bladder. They would become cranky if you don’t give them enough solids. And the kid will want to stick to you at all 


Here is an indian diet plan for toddlers for your reference.

Time and menu:

  • 7.00 am (after waking up): 1 glass milk + 4 soaked almonds
  • 9.00 am Breakfast: Choose any 1 from the mentioned options: Rawa kheer / ragi kheer / vermicilly kheer, Soft cooked rawa upama with finely chopped carrots, Soft cooked mung dal chilla with grated carrots and finely chopped spinach, Curd with soaked poha, (add a little salt or sugar as per your kids taste), Soft dosa or idli with sambar
  • 11.00 am: 2-4 slices of apple / orange / water melon /musk melon / pomogranate / papaya / 2 wheat based biscuits / ragi flakes (handful) (any seasonal fruit)
  • 1.00 pm: Lunch (choose any 1 from the mentioned options)- Curd rice / dal + rice / sambar + rice / milk + rice / vegetable pulav / kadhi + rice / lemon flavored rice, Vegetable khichadi, Daliya upama (soup consistency), Vermicilly upama, Soft cooked roti or phulka with toru / bottle gourd / palak / methi / potato vegetable
  • 2.30 pm: Buttermilk (optional) / ragi kanji
  • 4.00 pm: Choose any 1 from thementioned options- Oats porridge with chopped apple or banana, Fruit smoothie with almond or walnut (at room temperature), Milkshakes, Hot milk with 4 biscuits, Aata laddu – 2 small, Dry fruit chikki, Sliced / boiled veggies like carrot, broccoli with curd dip, Tacos with vegetable based greek yogurt dip, Home made wheat cake piece
  • 6.00 pm: Spinach soup / carrot soup / tomato soup / mix vegetable soup / corn soup (grind corn kernel in a mixer) / fruit juice during warm climate
  • 8.00 pm: Dinner (choose any suitable option from breakfast or lunch menu)
  • 10.00 pm: Bedtime- 1 glass milk + 4 soaked almonds
     

Note – The above mentioned diet plan is a general diet plan. This indian diet plan for toddlers meets the nutritional requirement of an average indian toddler. Some foods may or may not be suitable to some kids, in such a case a personalized approach is necessary.
 

Important tips to consider while following this indian diet plan for toddlers:


Milk intake:

Give your toddler the regular milk when he wakes up in the morning. Give him 100 to 200 ml of milk in the morning and in case he/she is allergic to milk and milk products, you can replace milk with a whole fruit, almond milk, or soya milk. If your child has crossed 2 years of age, you may consider adding health drinks such as pediasure to his milk. Make sure to give your toddler full cream milk and he/ she requires milk energy to support his body’s functions and to grow into a powerful adult with time. In the evening, give your toddler 100-50 ml of milk depending on his preference. Yes, do value his preference as many toddlers simply hate the taste of milk. You can’t help as i’m sure many of you also hated milk in your childhood. Use your imaginations, make them tasty smoothies or milkshakes

Water intake

A toddler’s daily water intake may typically consist of at least 5 cups of water. This includes the juices, milk, and other fluids that your toddler consumes throughout the day.

Bread

Make sure you give your toddler wholewheat or brown bread or bread that is fortified with vitamins and minerals.

Fruits and vegetables

You may opt for cooked or pureed food. Cooked or pureed vegetables with bland flavors are the best options for toddlers. These may include vegetables such as pumpkin, potato, sweet potato, squash, carrots, and butternut. Try with mashed food items. It’s better to feed ytout toddler steamed vegetables and pulses

Homemade food:

Today’s nuclear family setups coupled with an increase in the opportunities for women employment, time has become a scare resource for today’s families. It is always better to avoid tinned and packaged foods as they contain preservatives that may be detrimental to your child’s health. Make sure you invest some time to secure your child’s health and prepare meals at home. We are sure love will help you find that time!


Oatmeal cereals

It is a good idea to help your child build healthy eating habits since a very young age. You may introduce oatmeal cereals at a very early stage as they are healthy breakfast options and your child is most likely to develop an acceptance for oatmeal cereals as well as other complex carbohydrates.


Portion intake

1 tablespoon of each food: the rule of thumb. At one time, a one-year old child should be fed 1 tbsp of cooked cereal, pureed fruit, pureed cereal, cooked meat, cooked vegetable, one egg and ½ cup of milk and dairy products. On a similar line, a 2-year old child should be given 2 tablespoons of different foods at a time. And as you can already guess, 3 tablespoons of different foods at a time constitute the perfect dietary portions for a 3-year old child.


Nutritious snacks

Your kid will eat when he/she is hungry and will stop when he/ she feels full. Sometimes, you may consider providing nutritious snacks to your kid. This does not mean that you have to put a lot of extra effort in preparing healthy snacks as a lot of healthy yet no-hassle snacks are available in the market. Prepare some finger-friendly, bit-size foods and your toddler will take the responsibility of feeding himself/ herself:
• Thinly-sliced fresh fruit
• Low-sugar breakfast cereals
• Mini muffins with whole grain crackers
• Shredded cheese
• 2-4 ounces of pure fruit juice, with one part juice being mixed with two parts of water.
• Start with pureed or strained vegetables such as green beans, squash, or carrots.


Some common mistakes that you should avoid:

• Making your child drink more than 16-24 ounces of milk per day.

• Forcing your child to eat when he/ she is not hungry.

• Allowing your child to eat sugary snacks

Don’t get in to a habit of worrying about your kid’s food. The only thing that you should observe is whether your child is gaining weight with time and whether he is remaining active throughout the day. Too much of restrictions in his/ her diet or too much of ‘çarefree’ attitude may actually harm your child’s health. Refer this indian diet plan for toddlers and enjoy your child’s meal times, be a little creative and allow him to enjoy his/ her creative side as well.

3 people found this helpful

BDS
Dentist, Coimbatore
You can exercise for healthier gums as well. Gently bite down so as to make sure that your teeth make a clinking sound when they meet. Repeat this 30 to 40 times continously. This exercise will stimulate the flow of blood and will keep your gums healthy.

My baby is sensitive both milk vow and amul full cream doesn't work pls tell me what should I do for the baby milk.

BHMS
Homeopath, Faridabad
My baby is sensitive both milk vow and amul full cream doesn't work pls tell me what should I do for the baby milk.
Hi, just start with infant's milk formula meant for 6-12mths as it is easy to digest and healthy too, it contains all the required nutrients for the growth of the baby. *********consult a paediatrics for detailed information*********
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During the 1st month of age, I fed my baby every 2 hrs in a day. She is in 2nd month now. Do I continue feeding like this? or what should be the frequency of feeding?

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
There is no rule to feed by clock. If the baby demands feed you can give whenever bay cries for milk. This is called demand feed. There are many things to take care especially till the first birthday.. For which you ask me privately in this site.
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My grandson is 2 and half years old. He is generally healthy and has normal appetite. His bowel movements seem to be slower as he goes to toilet for potty twice or thrice a week only. Is that normal?

MD - Paediatrics
Pediatrician, Jamnagar
My grandson is 2 and half years old. He is generally healthy and has normal appetite.  His bowel movements seem to be...
If the stool/motion is normal in consistency, it is normal. If it is hard causing pain or bleeding while passing, it needs treatment.
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My baby is 4 month old. He is passing greenish yellow stools with mucus from a week. Earlier test shows 0-3 pus cells and 0-3 rbcs. Recent test shows no rbcs but pus cells were 7-10. What to do? He is active, no fever or vomiting. Passing 3-4 stools a day. He is exclusively on breastfeed.

DNB (Pediatrics), DCH
Pediatrician, Surat
My baby is 4 month old. He is passing greenish yellow stools with mucus from a week. Earlier test shows 0-3 pus cells...
It looks like it's normal frequency. If child remains active without fever and vomiting then exclusively breastfeeding child can be only observed.
1 person found this helpful
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Hi Dr. I am 31 years old female. One month before I lost my son during delivery as it was preterm labor and true knot. There is fibroids in posterior side equal to egg size my Dr. said I got preterm labor due to this egg size fibroid. Now she has given me medicine named fibristal 5 mg. Before starting to take this medicine just wanted to know whether this medicine can cure my egg size fibroids. please advice.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Kolkata
Hi Dr. I am 31 years old female. One month before I lost my son during delivery as it was preterm labor and true knot...
The egg size fibroid will become much smaller as your uterus size normalises to pre-pregnancy level. Fibristal has temporary effect only, and fibroid size will start increasing if it is stopped. The main problem is that fibristal may prevent next pregnancy from coming. You have to stop it after 3-6 months, do ultrasound for fibroid size and location. If situated towards the outside of uterus it may not affect the pregnancy. If located towards the inside, and size 2 cm or more, it should be removed by laparoscopy or hysteroscopy before trying for pregnancy again. True knots have nothing to do with fibroids.
2 people found this helpful
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I am ten years old I have commuted epilepsy. I treatment of allopathy need to ayurvedic or homeopathy I am child 10 years old so I can consult by online doctor.

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Jaipur
Do not get confused,go for EEG & take antiseizure medicines regularly without any break as per advice of doctor.
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C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
Water requirements, infant:

Water is an important part of a baby's diet because water makes up a large proportion of the baby's body.

When properly prepared, all infant formulas are approximately 85% water. Infant formulas are available in three forms: liquid ready-to-use, liquid concentrate, and powder concentrate. Liquid ready-to-use formulas do not require the addition of water, while the liquid and powder concentrates require the addition of water. It is of prime importance for parents to read, understand, and follow the manufacturer's directions when adding water to liquid and powder concentrates.

Too much water: Adding too much water to these formula concentrates or adding water to ready-to-use formulas can lead to water intoxication in the baby. In severe cases, water intoxication can cause low blood sodium levels, irritability, coma, and even permanent brain damage.

Not enough water: failing to adequately dilute the concentrates with water causes the formulas to be too "hypertonic" Hypertonic formulas can induce diarrhea and dehydration. In extreme cases, ingestion of overly hypertonic formulas can lead to kidney failure, gangrene of the legs, and coma.

Therefore, parents should not adjust the amount of water that is added to concentrates to either "fatten the baby up" or "put the baby on a diet" Instead, parents should discuss their concerns regarding the baby's calorie intake with his/her pediatrician.YOU CAN ASK ME WITH DETAILS LIKE WEIGHT/WHETHER BOTTLE FED AND HISTORY OF ANY DISEASES etc.
6 people found this helpful

She is suffering from pcos from long time. And she had completed her 1 month treatment of 3 month. And she had a 5 day period last month. Will you please tell me all the type of symptoms of getting better.

MD - Obstetrtics & Gynaecology, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Delhi
She is suffering from pcos from long time. And she had completed her 1 month treatment of 3 month. And she had a 5 da...
She should do regular exercise walking jogging cycling etc. If she will reduce her weight to 55 kg. Most of the problems associated with pcos will vanish.
1 person found this helpful
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Are there any long-term effects associated with taking ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) medications? If so, what are they and what medications are implicated? What exactly is a spine block injection? Will it work long-term for low back pain due to disc problems? What causes Hashimoto's thyroiditis, and what is the best method of treatment? Can iodine help this condition?

MBBS
General Physician, Mumbai
Are there any long-term effects associated with taking ADHD (attention deficit hyperactivity disorder) medications? I...
Use of stimulant decreases the symptoms to a much good effect and if we don't give stimulant medication there will be more of conduct disorder and progress in disease and for side effects we have to monitor the person and advice them accordingly and spine block injection is effective for six months and hashimoto's thyroiditis is an auto immune disease where we can control it with medication but not cure it completely.
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My baby is of 51/2 months and still on breastfeed. Can I start with something else? and if yes, then what it can be?

Pediatrician, Pune
Yes you can start her on rice water, light moong dal, continue the same for 1 month with increasing the frequeny and quantity every week, you can introduce new foods every 15 days - month, boiled potato, vegetables smashed, pulped fruits, banana, chikkoo inroduced till 9 months of age, by 1 year of age she can have everything made at home
2 people found this helpful
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My baby is of 6 month he has loose stool problem since 8 days. We are giving ors and imubless. But stool is still loose what should we do. Please tell us.

MBBS DCH
Pediatrician, Gandhinagar
If your baby's is gaining weight properly, there is no need to worry. If baby is not gaining weight, do stool examination and take her to pediatrician.
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Sir, My son age is 16, everyday in the morning he is feeling very weak and some gaseous in his stomach. Please advise me Homeopath or allopathic treatment.

MD - Paediatrics, MBBS
Pediatrician, Jaipur
Avoid junk, spicy food, meals at odd hours. Take 8-10 glass of water daily. Regular excercise (minimum 40 minutes) daily. He does not need any medication, just lifestyle modification will do wonders.
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My 8 month old daughter suffering from fever, diarrhoea,little cough for 2 day please prescribe medicines for her.

MBBS, MD
Pediatrician, Gurgaon
My 8 month old daughter suffering from fever, diarrhoea,little cough for 2 day please prescribe medicines for her.
Seems to be viral fever and hence just give plenty of ORS water .if fever is high you may use paracetamol, watery diarrhoea needs more care. Stool test and CRP is more help for need of antibiotics. Thanks.
1 person found this helpful
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Sir my 3 month old baby boy is having left sided severe hydronephrosis with PUJ obstruction. Doctor has referred for a surgery. I want to know should I go for open surgery or laparoscopic surgery. Can you guide me who is best Dr. in Mumbai.

MS - General Surgery
General Surgeon, Vadodara
Sir my 3 month old baby boy is having left sided severe hydronephrosis with PUJ obstruction. Doctor has referred for ...
Dear lybrate-user, How are you? You are in pain of fatherhood, I understood. Your son is having Congenital anomaly and Surgery is the only option. Go to fully equipped hospital with full ICU support & well qualified Urologist, Nephrologist & neonetologist. Any type of surgery you can choose either open or Lap. Acoordind to my experience, Open surgery will be better for this condition. But, if expert lap. Urologist is available, you can have that choice. Both have its ifs & buts. Whatever your treating doctor suggest, go for it. Mind well, only God is Great and not the Doctor. We, Surgeons are also humanbeing, trying our best for betterhood of patient. Best of Luck.
1 person found this helpful
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My sister's new born baby doesn't respond her voice and any other noise. He was an 10 days old baby. Although hearing test is finished at hospital since 3 days old. According to test, result is good. But my sister worry why baby doesn't respond till now. How should we do?

Bachelor of Audiology & Speech Language Pathology (B.A.S.L.P)
Audiologist, Delhi
My sister's new born baby doesn't respond her voice and any other noise. He was an 10 days old baby. Although hearing...
Hello dear, please be patient, you already did your baby's screening oae and the outcome was pass, ok. Then repeat the oae test after 1 month and see the difference. If your baby doesn't respond till 1 month then go for bera test.
1 person found this helpful
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I have delivered a baby. I don't have enough milk to feed my baby as after one week of delivery my stiches got broken. Dr. Gave me strong antibiotics and because of antibiotics my milk got vanish. Please suggest me some medication or anything by which I could feed my baby and my milk back.

M.D.( Pediatrics), DCH
Pediatrician,
Antibiotics will not make milk vanish, perhaps it is your anxiety taking toll. Be confident observe colour of baby's urine and frequency, so also weight of the baby for some days, before coming to hasty conclusion. It is easy to start top feeds any time, but remember it is difficult sustain breast feeding with fear, anxiety. Child will lose some weight in first week or so, don't worry about that.
1 person found this helpful
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My baby is now 6 month old and he is getting his vaccine on timely but I have query about injectable polio vaccine. He already got 2 dose of IPV on timely. Now he was having 3rd dose on 6 month but due to non availability in private clinic we r not able to provide him 3rd dose. So kindly please suggest what to do? He is taking regularly on time oral polio drops even.

Pediatrician, Chennai
My baby is now 6 month old and he is getting his vaccine on timely but I have query about injectable polio vaccine. H...
Hello. Injectable polio is not available since many months. Nothing to worry. Yiu can give oral polio drops instead of IPV according to schedule. In addition to this, give polio drops given by government every 6 months on pulse polio days. Thank you!
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