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Dr. Deblina Basu

Gynaecologist, Kolkata

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Dr. Deblina Basu Gynaecologist, Kolkata
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I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning....more
I pride myself in attending local and statewide seminars to stay current with the latest techniques, and treatment planning.
More about Dr. Deblina Basu
Dr. Deblina Basu is an experienced Gynaecologist in Gariahat, Kolkata. You can visit her at Medi Help in Gariahat, Kolkata. Book an appointment online with Dr. Deblina Basu and consult privately on Lybrate.com.

Lybrate.com has top trusted Gynaecologists from across India. You will find Gynaecologists with more than 32 years of experience on Lybrate.com. You can find Gynaecologists online in Kolkata and from across India. View the profile of medical specialists and their reviews from other patients to make an informed decision.

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Shop #32/1, Gariahat Road Dhakuria, KolkataKolkata Get Directions
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I had a sex with prostitute. While having sex I saw her organ in which we usually have a sex or intercourse. In simple terms vagina. But her vagina was red alot and o think little bit infected I mean abnormal. As I have seen many vaginas but they are normal. So I am little bit nervous nd also worried will I get affected bu HIV positive. Are there any possibilities for the same? But I had used the condom. Please help me.

DGO, MAOGD, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Panchkula
Hi I understand your concern. The history you told indicates that she might be suffering from vaginal infection. As you told you mlhad used condom the possibility of hiv infection is very less or nil with condom. But you might be prone to other sti and fungal infection, contact dermatitis, if you have intercourse with the person you has such kind of problem.
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Hi. I have had itching in my penis head from the last two months. Sometimes the itching is very severe that I keep on squeezing the penis head. Its only in the head region mainly where the skin folds on the head. Now there is another problem. I had sex with my wife and she had severe itching on her vagina. Next day her vaginal lips were swollen and she couldn't even walk properly. We went to her gynae and she examined her and gave her some anti fungal medicines and a cream. She was fine after that. Also my itching was gone somehow. We again had sex after like 15 days and again she had the same problem. We went to the gynae again and she gave her medicines for herpes and a cream. She was again fine after 4-5 days. Then we again had sex after few days and oh my god again the same issue with her. We went to her gynae and she again gave her some medicines and this time I also went along with her and asked why it is happening again and again? She said it is some yeast infection and this time she prescribed me couple of medicines and a cream called Nadoxin to apply. Also we underwent some tests for HIV, HCL, Hepatitis, Blood Sugar etc. And our tests were normal. This issue of itching started after I made sexual contact with another women. It was unprotected sex. The itching on my penis started the very next day. And I am 99% sure that it is because of that. But I do not know what to do. Who to consult? And what tests I need to undergo? And if it is a Sexually transmitted disease or just a common bacterial or yeast infection? I do not have that much itching now but whenever I have sex with my wife her vagina lips swell. The whole area is red. She has severe itching. Some white fluid discharge is also there. please help. Suggest.

fellow in Obstetric Medicine , MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Hyderabad
Hi. I have had itching in my penis head from the last two months. Sometimes the itching is very severe that I keep on...
Hello, it looks like you ve contracted a sexually transmitted infection and unfortunately with some of these infections the women suffer more than the men! for no fault of theirs. The best thing for you wud be to consult a dermatologist as they cud examine you and give you a precise diagnosis. Coz until ithe diseaae is diagnosed and treated itz only gonna make things worse for your wife.
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Daily Regimen

MD
Ayurveda, Bagalkot
Daily Regimen

Follow of regular regimen of good conduct helpful to overcome many aliments of day today life.

Hi. M planning for a baby from last year but unable to conceive. I have a pcod with regular cycle. Doc recommended clomiphene from last 4 cycles and m taking glyciphage 850 twice daily and ecosprin 75 mg. Pls suggest what should I do. Also I have undergone for tube test and both tubes are open. Nd my husband sperm count is 50 percent active.

MBBS, DGO, MD, Fellowship in Gynae Oncology
Gynaecologist, Delhi
Hi. M planning for a baby from last year but unable to conceive. I have a pcod with regular cycle. Doc recommended cl...
your reports are fine, go on as your doctor suggested. Do intercourse during your fertile period regularly or alternate day, for maximum chances of conception. along with the medicine take proper diet with fruits and vegetables.
1 person found this helpful
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Q1. Some 1 said v should not take a head bath for the first 3 days when menstrual cycle sets in. Is this true? If yes why should v not do so? Q2 .can v have 2-3 cloves of garlic daily soaked overnight in water empty stomach. I hope it dosent cause any problem as it is very hot?

BHMS
Homeopath, Pune
Q1. Some 1 said v should not take a head bath for the first 3 days when menstrual cycle sets in. Is this true? If yes...
Hello lybrate-user ans 1 nothing as such ,do what you want n.u can eat garlik it is only 2 to 3 it will not harm you.
1 person found this helpful
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Neha took I pill just 2 days after her end of menstrual cycle after 4-5 days her periods started again and it's been 7 days she is experiencing little flow. What should she do now?

MBBS
Sexologist, Jaipur
Neha took I pill just 2 days after her end of menstrual cycle after 4-5 days her periods started again and it's been ...
It is due to hormonal effect of Ipill. Don't do any thing. Wait for some time. It will stop on its own. Don't make a regular habit of I pill.
3 people found this helpful
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I am in my 4th month of pregnancy with ivf, twins, having high bp and diabetes. I am unable to sleep properly. I dnt want to take sleeping pills. I am on complete bed rest. What shall I do to have proper sleep.

C.S.C, D.C.H, M.B.B.S
General Physician,
I am in my 4th month of pregnancy with ivf, twins, having high bp and diabetes. I am unable to sleep properly. I dnt ...
You do meditaion and reduce stress and complete bed rest does not mean you cannot walk around in the house
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Hi I have a pcos problem and I am married for 2 years. We tried naturally for one month but I did not conceived. So second month we consulted a doctor she kept me on clomifene citrate 50 mg from 3-9 days. And she gave a hcg shot on 14th day of my cycle. And we had timely intercourse but unfortunately I got my periods after taking gestofit. So the doctor advised me to have SSG test done. But I was not ready for that as we planned pregnancy only one month back. So we consulted another doc and she kept me on clomifene citrate 100 mg from day 4-8 and forminal for 30 days and weekly vit D supplement. So please tell me what are the chances of my successful pregnancy this time. Is SSG test necessary?

B.A.M.S
Ayurveda,
Hi I have a pcos problem and I am married for 2 years. We tried naturally for one month but I did not conceived. So s...
Hello Lybrate user, if you have pcos, I will obviously suggest you to take ayurveda medicines. Because only those medication can completely wipe off ovarian cyst. And only a healthy ovum will be a healthy conception occur. Only then you will have a healthy baby. In ayurveda, especially I treat this condition with fermented liquids and tab and decoctions. You need to have it for 3 months. Then check with your menstrual cycle. Have conception during ovulation period. You will surely get conceived. Apart from treatment, there are some other factors that required for a healthy pregnancy. Its nothing but your *food habits *a healthy body (you can earn it with exercise! !) *a stress free life *a good relationship between you and your husband. Pcos is dealt mainly with anti fat accumulation treatments. When fat deposits at different organs particular diseases occurs eg: fatty liver etc. *similarly vigorous exercise and medication can only dissolve this cystic condition from the rooted. Operation and surgeries are done to remove this cyst. But the recurrent rate is more. So only one help you. YOUR MIND .please make up your mind nd do exercise, hv healthy food and follow a good medication routine to get rid of this rooted cyst. All the very best.
3 people found this helpful
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I am a married lady of 30 yrs watnted to abort my one month pregnancy through medicine only kindly help.

MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology
Gynaecologist, Ludhiana
It's possible to abort one month pregnancy with medicine but first get done your ultrasound of lower abdone to rule out ectopic pregnancy.
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Graves' Disease - Things You Should Know About It

MBBS & Post Graduate Course in Diabetology, Fellow of Academy of General Education (FAGE), CCEBDM
Endocrinologist, Bangalore
Graves' Disease - Things You Should Know About It

The body has multiple chemicals called hormones, which regulate many of its functions. Increased or decreased levels of these hormones affect various functions including metabolism, growth and sexual functions. Thyroxin produced by the thyroid (situated in the front of the neck) is one such hormone, which has a significant role to play in metabolism.

Graves’ disease is one of the main causes of hyperthyroidism, where there is excessive production of thyroid hormones. Graves’ disease is an autoimmune disorder, wherein the body reacts against its own tissues. It is very common in women than men, especially after 20 years of age. Family history also has a strong correlation in developing Graves’ disease. The high levels of thyroid hormone increase the rate of metabolism, thereby altering weight, mental energy levels, physical stamina, and also mood.

Thyroid hormone is related to metabolism and more amount of it lead to higher metabolism. This causes the following symptoms.

  1. Intolerance to heat
  2. Excessive sweating
  3. Nervousness and anxiety
  4. Inability sleep, as the mind is always excited
  5. Increased appetite (sometimes despite weight loss) due to higher metabolism
  6. Irregular menstrual cycles
  7. Palpitations (rapid, loud heartbeat)
  8. Irregular heartbeats (tachyarrhythmia)
  9. Fine tremors of the extended arms
  10. Breast enlargement in men, known as gynecomastia
  11. Extreme moodiness, causing irritability and anger
  12. Inability to focus and concentrate
  13. General fatigue and shortness of breath with any exertion
  14. Increased frequency of bowel movements

In addition, the eye symptoms are quite diagnostic including:

  1. Protrusion of the eyes (exophthalmos), giving an impression that they are going to fall out
  2. Double vision
  3. Excessive tearing
  4. Increased irritation in the eyes

Diagnosis: The first symptom would be the presence of an enlarged thyroid gland (front of the neck above the collarbone), and the some of the above symptoms would be present.
In addition, tests to check for thyroid gland functioning including T3 and T4 levels would reveal increased amounts of hormone in the blood stream.
As a confirmatory test, the radioactive iodine uptake test also is done, which will indicate increased uptake by the thyroid gland. This indicates that the gland is functioning at an increased pace and requires additional iodine for the production of thyroid hormones.

Treatment: There are two approaches to it, one to control the symptoms and the other to control the thyroid gland per se.

  1. Beta blockers are very useful in controlling rapid heart rate and anxiety.
  2. Prednisone may be used to control eye irritation and swelling
  3. Antithyroid drugs are used to control the production of thyroid
  4. Radioactive iodine is given orally to control excessive thyroid production
  5. In severe cases, thyroid gland may be surgically removed partially or completely

Graves’ disease is not life-threatening and once symptoms are controlled, the patient’s quality of life improves drastically. If you wish to discuss about any specific problem, you can consult a endocrinologist.

3050 people found this helpful

Health Tip

FRHS, Ph.D Neuro , MPT - Neurology Physiotherapy, D.Sp.Med, DPHM (Health Management ), BPTh/BPT
Physiotherapist, Chennai
Health Tip
To keep oneself active physically mentally soulfully one has to continue some sort of physical activity preferably cycling swimming or dancing for about 20 to 30 minutes regularly in particular duration daily along with breathing exercises for about 15 minutes duration

Hi Doctor, I've a gal child this month 29th six months will be completed I need to know what food can I start with breast feeding how many times in a day?

MBBS
General Physician, Chandigarh
Don't give her any solid diet till atleast six months only breastfeed the baby if you are having sufficient milk
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I am really very depressed about this pcod, this facial excess hair and over weight, know about I am going to face problem in conceiving is making me so scared about my feature, please help me out.

M. S. in Psychotherapy and Counselling
Psychologist, Jaipur
I am really very depressed about this pcod, this facial excess hair and over weight, know about I am going to face pr...
hi, I can understand your feelings. Though PCOD creates some problem in some cases in conceiving but not with everyone. If in future you face this problem then let me assure you that females having PCOD have very good success rate of getting pregnant by IVF. Now a days ivf has become new natural. So don't worry about it. Rather taking unnecessary stress may become a cause of not conceiving. Secondly, start brisk walking daily for at least forty minutes or do some physical exercises to reduce your weight as this also cause a problem in conceiving in normal females too. if you want further counselling, you may have a telephonic counselling session with me here on Lybrate.
1 person found this helpful
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Sir naturally I eat apples rare. And papayas n bananas are in our home only. So will you give me the diet about these two. N these two will work for irregular periods those who have. Please give me the diet chart in a week how many we have to take. Thank u.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
Sir naturally I eat apples rare. And papayas n bananas are in our home only. So will you give me the diet about these...
Hello, you have to follow the under noted natural norms to overcome your distress * Tk, plenty of water to hydrate yourself ,to eliminate toxins & to dilute your blood to establish your flow by regulating metabolism to absorb neutrients to nourish your body.  * go for meditation to reduce your stress, anxiety to calm your nerve to ease your stress, improving Oxygen volume in blood in order, to establish your smooth flow, improving haemoglobin level. * your diet be simple, non- irritant, easily digestible on time to maintain your digestion, avoiding gastric disorder. •TK, Apple,carrots, cheese,milk, banana,papaya, pomegranate, spinach,almonds, walnuts to improve your haemoglobin to release your flow, timely. • Tk, Homoeo medicine, gentle & rapid in action with no adverse effect, thereof. @ Pulsatilla 200-6 pills, thrice. @ Sepia200 -6 pills, thrice. * Ensure, sound sleep in d night for at least 7 hrs.• Avoid, caffiene,junkfood, dust,smoke, exertion •Your feedback will highly b appreciated for further, follow up.•Tk, care,
1 person found this helpful
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Medical Conditions And Pregnancy!

MBBS, Diploma in Child Health
Pediatrician, Hyderabad
Medical Conditions And Pregnancy!

Diabetes and Pregnancy

Diabetes is a condition in which the body does not make enough insulin or the body is unable to use the insulin that is made. Insulin is the hormone that allows glucose to enter the cells of the body to make fuel. When glucose cannot enter the cells, it builds up in the blood and the body’s cells starve to death. If not managed properly, diabetes can have serious consequences for you and your growing baby.

Pre-Gestational Diabetes

If you already have diabetes and become pregnant, your condition is known as pre-gestational diabetes. The severity of your symptoms and complications often depends on the progression of your diabetes, especially if you have vascular (blood vessel) complications and poor blood glucose control.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes is a condition in which the glucose level is elevated and other diabetic symptoms appear during pregnancy. Unlike other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes is not caused by a lack of insulin but by other hormones that block the insulin that is made. This condition is known as insulin resistance. If you have gestational diabetes, you may or may not be dependent on insulin.

In most cases, all diabetic symptoms disappear following delivery. However, if you experience gestational diabetes, you will have an increased risk of developing diabetes later in life. This is especially true if you were overweight before pregnancy.

Causes of Gestational Diabetes

Although the specific cause of gestational diabetes is unknown, there are several theories about the origin of this condition. For example, the placenta supplies the growing fetus with nutrients and water. It also makes a variety of hormones to maintain the pregnancy. Some of these hormones (estrogen, cortisol and human placental lactogen) can have a blocking effect on the mother’s insulin, which usually begins about 20 to 24 weeks into pregnancy.

As the placenta grows, it produces more of these hormones, increasing the level of insulin resistance in the mother. Normally, the mother’s pancreas is able to make additional insulin to overcome insulin resistance. However, if the mother’s production of insulin is not enough to overcome the effect of the placental hormones, gestational diabetes results.

Risk Factors of Gestational Diabetes

The following factors increase your risk of developing gestational diabetes:

  • Age (over 25 years old)

  • A family history of diabetes

  • Previous delivery of a very large infant, a stillborn or a child with certain birth defects

  • Obesity

Although increased glucose in the urine is often included in the list of risk factors, it is not believed to be a reliable indicator for gestational diabetes.

Diagnosing Gestational Diabetes

A glucose screening test is usually done between 24 and 28 weeks of pregnancy. To complete this test, you will be asked to drink a special glucose beverage. Then, your doctor will measure your blood sugar level one hour later.

If the test shows an increased blood sugar level, a three-hour glucose tolerance test may be done. If the results of the second test are in the abnormal range, you will be diagnosed with gestational diabetes.

Treatment Options for Gestational Diabetes

Your health care provider or midwife will determine your specific treatment plan for gestational diabetes based on:

  • Age, overall health and medical history

  • Condition and the severity of the disease

  • Long-term expectations for the course of the disease

  • Personal preference

  • Tolerance for specific medicines, procedures or therapies

Treatment for gestational diabetes focuses on keeping blood glucose levels in the normal range. Your specific treatment plan may include:

  • A special diet

  • Daily blood glucose monitoring

  • Exercise

  • Insulin injections or oral medications

Possible Fetal Complications from Gestational Diabetes

Unlike other types of diabetes, gestational diabetes generally does not cause birth defects. Birth defects usually originate sometime during the first trimester of pregnancy. They are more likely if you have pre-gestational diabetes, as you may have changes in blood glucose during that time. If you have gestational diabetes, you most likely had normal blood sugar levels during your critical first trimester.

The complications of gestational diabetes are usually manageable and preventable. The key to prevention is careful control of blood sugar levels as soon as the diagnosis of gestational diabetes is made.

Infants of mothers with gestational diabetes are vulnerable to several imbalances, such as low-serum calcium and low-serum magnesium levels. In addition, gestational diabetes may cause the following:

  • Fetal macrosomia. This condition describes a baby that is considerably larger than normal. All of the nutrients your baby receives come directly from your blood. If your blood has too much glucose, your baby’s pancreas senses the high glucose levels and makes more insulin in an attempt to use this glucose. The extra glucose is then converted to fat. Even when you have gestational diabetes, your fetus is able to make all the insulin it needs. The combination of your high blood glucose levels and your baby’s high insulin levels may result in large deposits of fat that cause your baby to grow excessively large.

  • Birth injury. If your baby is large in size, it may be difficult to deliver and become injured in the process.

  • Hypoglycemia . This refers to low blood sugar in your baby right after delivery. This problem happens if your blood sugar levels have been consistently high, causing the fetus to have a high level of insulin in its circulation. After delivery, your baby continues to have a high insulin level, but it no longer has the high level of sugar from you. This results in the newborn’s blood sugar level becoming very low. Following delivery, your baby’s blood sugar level will be tested. If the level is too low, it may be necessary to administer glucose intravenously until your baby’s blood sugar stabilizes.

  • Respiratory distress (difficulty breathing). Too much insulin or too much glucose in a baby’s system may delay lung maturation and cause respiratory problems. This is more likely if it is born before 37 weeks of pregnancy.

High Blood Pressure and Pregnancy

High blood pressure during pregnancy can lead to placental complications and slowed fetal growth. If left untreated, severe hypertension may cause dangerous seizuresstroke and even death in the mother and fetus.

If you have high blood pressure, your doctor will perform kidney function tests, ultrasounds for growth and testing of your baby more frequently to monitor your health and fetal development.

Chronic Hypertension

If you have high blood pressure before pregnancy, you will likely need to continue taking your antihypertensive medicine. Your health care provider may switch you to a safer antihypertensive medicine during pregnancy to help manage your condition.

Gestational Hypertension

Gestational hypertension occurs most often during a young woman’s first pregnancy. You are more likely to develop gestational hypertension during a twin pregnancy or if you had blood pressure problems during a previous pregnancy.

Pre-eclampsia (formerly called toxemia) is characterized by pregnancy-induced high blood pressure. This condition is usually accompanied by protein in the urine and may cause swelling due to fluid retention. If you have pre-eclampsia, you may need bed rest. Eclampsia, the most severe form of this condition, is diagnosed when you have a seizure caused by pre-eclampsia. Your doctor may recommend hospitalization, medications and often delivery to treat pre-eclampsia or eclampsia.

 

High-Risk Pregnancy: What You Need to Know

Pregnant woman

Many conditions affecting a mother or her baby before, during or after pregnancy can designate a pregnancy as high risk. Learn what causes a high-risk pregnancy and how maternal-fetal medicine specialists can help.

Infectious Diseases and Pregnancy

Infections during pregnancy can pose a threat to your baby. Even a simple urinary tract infection, which is common during pregnancy, should be treated right away. An infection that goes untreated can lead to preterm labor and a rupturing of the membranes surrounding the fetus.

Toxoplasmosis

Toxoplasmosis is an infection caused by a single-celled parasite called Toxoplasma gondii (T. gondii). Although many people may have toxoplasma infection, very few exhibit symptoms because the immune system usually keeps the parasite from causing illness. Babies who became infected with toxoplasmosis before birth can be born with serious mental or physical problems.

Toxoplasmosis often causes flulike symptoms, including swollen lymph glands or muscle aches and pains, which last for a few days to several weeks. You can be tested to see if you have developed an antibody to the illness. Fetal testing may include ultrasound and/or testing of the amniotic fluid or cord blood. Treatment may include antibiotics.

The following measures can help prevent toxoplasmosis infection:

  • Have someone who is healthy and not pregnant change your cat’s litter box, since cat feces can carry T. gondii. If this is not possible, wear gloves and clean the litter box daily. (The parasite found in cat feces can only infect you a few days after being passed.) Wash your hands well with soap and warm water afterward.

  • Wear gloves when you garden or do anything outdoors that involves handling soil. Since cats may use gardens and sandboxes as litter boxes, be cautious when handling soil/sand that could contain the parasite. Thoroughly wash your hands with soap and warm water after outdoor activities, especially before you eat or prepare any food.

  • Have someone who is healthy and not pregnant handle raw meat for you. If this is not possible, wear clean latex gloves when you touch raw meat. Wash any surfaces and utensils that may have touched the raw meat. After handling the meat, wash your hands with soap and warm water.

  • Cook all meat thoroughly. It should be cooked until it is no longer pink in the center or until the juices run clear. Do not sample meat before it is fully cooked.

Food Poisoning

If you are pregnant, you should avoid eating undercooked or raw foods because of the risk of food poisoning. Food poisoning can dehydrate a mother and deprive the fetus of nourishment. In addition, food poisoning can cause meningitis and pneumonia in a fetus, resulting in possible death.

Follow these tips to prevent food poisoning:

  • Thoroughly cook raw food from animal sources, such as beef, pork or poultry.

  • Wash raw vegetables before eating them.

  • Store uncooked meats in an area of the refrigerator that’s separate from vegetables, cooked foods and ready-to-eat foods.

  • Avoid raw (unpasteurized) milk or foods made from raw milk.

  • Wash hands, knives and cutting boards after handling uncooked foods.

Sexually Transmitted Disease

Chlamydia

Chlamydia may be associated with premature labor and rupture of the membranes.

Hepatitis

Patients with hepatitis experience inflammation of the liver, resulting in liver cell damage and destruction. Hepatitis B virus (HBV) is the most common type that occurs during pregnancy in the United States.

HBV spreads mainly through contaminated blood and blood products, sexual contact, and contaminated intravenous needles. The later in pregnancy you get the virus, the greater the risk of infecting your baby.

HBV Symptoms and Related Conditions

Signs and symptoms of HBV include jaundice (yellowing of skin, eyes and mucous membranes), fatigue, stomach pain, loss of appetite, intermittent nausea and vomiting.

Although HBV resolves in most people, about 10 percent will develop chronic HBV. HBV can lead to chronic hepatitis, cirrhosisliver cancer, liver failure and death. Infected pregnant women can pass the virus to their fetus during pregnancy and at delivery.

HBV Screening and Vaccination

A blood test for HBV is part of routine prenatal testing. If a risk of HBV is present, the following should occur:

  • Infants of HBV-positive mothers should receive hepatitis B immune globulin and the hepatitis B vaccine during the first 12 hours of birth.

  • Babies of mothers with unknown HBV status should receive the hepatitis B vaccine in the first 12 hours of birth.

  • Babies of mothers with negative HBV status should be vaccinated before leaving the hospital.

  • Premature infants weighing less than 4.5 pounds who are born to mothers with negative HBV status should have their first vaccine dose delayed until one month after birth or leaving the hospital.

All babies should complete the hepatitis B vaccine series to be fully protected from HBV infection.

HIV/AIDS

If you have HIV, you have a one in four chance of infecting your fetus with the virus if you are not on medication. AIDS is caused by HIV. This virus kills or impairs cells of the immune system and progressively destroys the body’s ability to fight infections and certain cancers. The term AIDS applies to the most advanced stages of an HIV infection.

HIV Transmission

HIV is most commonly transmitted by sexual contact with an infected partner. HIV may also be spread through contact with infected blood. This happens mostly by sharing needles, syringes or drug use equipment with someone who is infected with the virus.

According to the National Institutes of Health, HIV transmission from mother to child during pregnancy, labor/delivery or breast-feeding has accounted for nearly all AIDS cases reported among children in the United States.

HIV Symptoms

Some people may develop a flulike illness within a month or two of exposure to the HIV virus, although many people do not develop any symptoms at all when they first become infected. In adults, it may take 10 years or more for persistent or severe symptoms to surface. Symptoms may appear within two years in children born with an HIV infection.

HIV Testing and Treatment

Prenatal care that includes HIV counseling, testing and treatment for infected mothers and their children saves lives and resources. Since the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention began recommending routine HIV screening for all pregnant women in 1995, the estimated incidence of mother-to-child transmission has dropped by approximately 85 percent.

If you have tested positive for HIV while pregnant, your doctor may recommend:

  • Having blood tests to check the amount of virus present.

  • Taking a number of drugs during pregnancy, labor and delivery.

  • Delivering via Cesarean section if you have a high viral load.

  • Administering medicine to your newborn baby. Studies have found that giving a mother antiretroviral medicines during pregnancy, labor and delivery, and then to the baby for six weeks after delivery can reduce the chance of a mother’s transmission of HIV to her baby. This reduction is from 25 percent to less than 2 percent.

  • Refraining from breast-feeding. Studies show that breast-feeding increases the risk of HIV transmission.

Genital Herpes

Herpes is a chronic, sexually transmitted disease caused by the herpes simplex virus (HSV). Herpes infections can cause blisters and ulcers on the mouth or face (oral herpes), or in the genital area (genital herpes). 

A first episode of genital herpes during pregnancy creates a greater risk of transmission of the virus to the newborn. Because of this risk, it is important that you avoid contracting herpes during pregnancy. Protection from genital herpes includes abstaining from sex when symptoms are present and using latex condoms between outbreaks.

For severe cases of genital herpes during pregnancy, your doctor may administer an antiviral medicine.  If you have active genital herpes (shedding the virus) at the time of delivery, your doctor will likely recommend a Cesarean delivery to prevent a potentially fatal infection in your baby. Fortunately, infection of an infant is rare among women with genital herpes infection.

 

psychologist
Psychologist, Mohali
Parenting

Right now we have a generation of kids who are going into high school, college and even the workforce who have never really experienced failure before. This is a generation of kids who have been bubble-wrapped since birth. The first generation of kids who weren't really allowed to play outside. The first generation where every drawer and cabinet was safety locked. The first generation to not only wear safety belts, but to also ride in a car seat until kindergarten. This is the first generation to wear helmets when riding their bikes. Mom and dad have stepped in to stop anything that could possibly hurt their kids. Unfortunately, in mom and dad's protectiveness, they have also protected their kids from some very important life lessons. Like failure.

This generation of kids that are arriving into adulthood or who will be quickly in its ranks have never been allowed to fail at anything in life. Even the little things like little league (where trophies are passed out with juice boxes) have been sanitized to make sure that everyone's feelings are safe from harm. Now these kids are becoming adults with unrealistic expectations for what is going to happen in the future. On what reality is like. And generally, what life is like.

I am not saying that the parents are bad people. Or that they were protecting their children with some malicious intent. In fact, I know the exact opposite is true. These parents were doing everything within their power to protect the things that are most precious to them. Their children. The parents only wanted to keep their children safe and happy. The layer of bubble wrap protection was done from a place of love and care. But what started out as loving protection has put these kids into an unexpected predicament. Because mom and dad were so quick to protect their child from anything negative (physical, mental and emotional), these kids never developed the ability to handle life's little messes. And we all know that life likes to dole out messes.

So, what can we do to help these young adults (and soon-to-be adults)? and more importantly, what can we do to not let this happen again with future generations? i'm not suggesting that we get rid of seat belt laws or that there weren't very good reasons for not giving kids free reign of their neighborhoods like we once had. I get those reasons. I am a parent. I watch the news. The world can be a scary place.

Starting now. We need to learn to stand back. We need to learn to stay on the sidelines when our kids are facing something difficult. Or when they have already messed up. We need to stand back and give them the space to clean up their own mess. They will never learn to do it, if we rush in like an assaulting army taking out everything in its path. Yes, your kids won't like it that you are not running to their defense. There may be tears. There may even be some accusations that you are ruining their life. But guess what? you aren't. You are actually doing them a huge favor. They just may not realize it yet.

You see, as strong and able as you are today, you are not always going to be around. And what happens then when your kid is facing a huge screw up or failure? who is going to fix it for them then? if you do not allow your kid the space to learn to deal with failures starting with the smallest of failures they will never develop the tools necessary to deal with those moments in life.

So, when they are facing a big ole screw up that has the potential of changing the trajectory of their life and you aren't around to fix it, what do you think they will do? run and hide? maybe. Deal with it? probably not. They will more than likely allow that one (albeit huge) screw up to define the rest of their life. And I know that as a parent who has spent the better part of your own adult life protecting this child of yours that you would never want that for your kid. So, take a step back. Take a deep breath. They can do this. (and so can you.) believe in them. Be their biggest cheerleader, but please, for your child's sake, don't step in and be the quarterback of their life. Allow your kid to have that win.

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I am 27 years female. I am pregnant and plan to take flight in my 33rd week. Baby growth and all other reports are normal till date. How safe is it to fly in 33rd week. Or is train a better solution? I read that at higher altitude radiations increase so can there be as threat to baby in womb or any other problem? Flight is of 2 hours. Please suggest.

fellow in Obstetric Medicine , MS - Obstetrics and Gynaecology, FMAS, DMAS, MBBS
Gynaecologist, Hyderabad
I am 27 years female. I am pregnant and plan to take flight in my 33rd week. Baby growth and all other reports are no...
Hello, Firstly you will have to check with the airlines if you can fly at 33 weeks as some airlines do not allow it secondly you will need a certificate of fitness from ur doc before the travel. Since it is a short duration flight as long as it is a low risk pregnancy it is not a problem for most women. However train journeys are recommended in terms of comfort and ability to rest well and stretch your feet etc.! Do check with your gynaec and keep yourself well hydrated..!
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I hav period Last month 10 but I hav no period this month after five days get start bleed can stop one Day then after no bleeding.

DHMS (Hons.)
Homeopath, Patna
I hav period Last month 10 but I hav no period this month after five days get start bleed can stop one Day then after...
Hello, Menstrual disorder is caused due to stress, anxiety,depression, malnutrition,anaemia, over exertion, Pcod, thyroidism ,results in  ,delayed, painful,excess & frequent blood flow during menstruation. * Tk, plenty of water to hydrate yourself ,to eliminate toxins diluting your blood to establish your flow.  * go for meditation to reduce your stress, anxiety to calm your nerve ,improving haemoglobin level. * your diet be simple, non- irritant, easily digestible on time to avoid gastritis  •TK, Apple,carrots, cheese,milk, banana,papaya, pomegranate, spinach, to improve your haemoglobin to release your flow, timely. • Tk, Homoeo medicine, being gentle, rapid & safe in administration. @ Pulsatilla 30-6 pills, thrice./ dly * Ensure, sound sleep in d night for at least 7 hrs. • Avoid, caffiene,junkfood, dust,smoke, exertion •Your feedback will highly b appreciated for further, follow up.•Tk, care,
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