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URINARY INCONTINENCE IN CHILDREN
Another term for loss of bladder control in children is defined as Urinary Incontinence in Children. It happens because of multiple factors like high blood pressure, kidney problems, nerve issues, some kind of structural problem in the urinary tract, etc. The most common symptoms here include loss of bladder control either in bedwetting, at public places, etc.
HOW IS URINARY INCONTINENCE IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED?
Doctors first ask questions about the child's symptoms and medical history. Doctors then do a physical examination. What they find during the history and physical examination often suggests a cause of the incontinence and the tests that may need to be done. In the medical history, doctors ask about when symptoms began, timing of symptoms, and whether symptoms are continuous (that is, constant dribbling) or intermittent. Having the parents record the timing, frequency, and volume of urine (a voiding diary) or stool (a stooling diary) in a journal can be helpful. Position while urinating and strength of urine steam are discussed.
HOW IS URINARY INCONTINENCE IN CHILDREN TREATED?
The drug desmopressin (DDAVP, others) boosts levels of a natural hormone (anti-diuretic hormone, or ADH) that forces the body to make less urine at night. If your child has a small bladder, an anticholinergic drug such as oxybutynin (Ditropan XL) may help reduce bladder contractions and increase bladder capacity. Along with these medications counseling the child against any kind of fear is also important.
DID YOU KNOW?
The act of emptying the bladder requires significant coordination between the brain, nerves, and muscles. There are two major muscles involved in urination, the detrusor and the sphincter. Achieving bladder control must be learned, and some children learn earlier than others, and therefore urinary incontinence is normal in most young infants and children, but in older children and adolescents, it is not considered normal.