The term Tuberculous Meningitis is used for defining an infection that affects the brain and the central nervous system. One of the most prominent features of this disease includes fever followed with serious of headaches that don't seem to go away. They also tend to have a lot of confusion about everyday activities that is followed with focal neurological deficits.
HOW IS TUBERCULOUS MENINGITIS DIAGNOSED?
A lumbar puncture (spinal tap) is an important test in diagnosing meningitis. It is done to collect a sample of spinal fluid for examination. More than one sample may be needed to make the diagnosis. Other tests that may be done include:
• Biopsy of the brain or meninges
• Blood culture
• Chest x-ray
• CSF examination for cell count, glucose, and protein
• CT scan of the head
• Gram stain, other special stains, and culture of CSF
• Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) of CSF
• Skin test for tuberculosis (PPD)
• Other tests to look for tuberculosis
HOW IS TUBERCULOUS MENINGITIS TREATED?
You will be given several medicines to fight the tuberculosis bacteria. Sometimes, treatment is started even if your doctor thinks you have the disease, but testing has not confirmed it yet. Treatment usually lasts for at least 12 months. Medicines called corticosteroids may also be used
DID YOU KNOW?
Treating people with non-active or dormant TB infections can also help control the spread of the disease. Non-active or dormant infections occur when a person tests positive for TB, but doesn’t have any symptoms of the disease. People with dormant infections are still capable of spreading the disease.