Vocal Cord Cancer or laryngeal cancer is a disease in which malignant cells develop in the tissues of the larynx. Most types of Vocal Cord Cancer forms in the squamous cells, which are the thin, flat cells that line the larynx. Symptoms of Vocal Cord Cancer are:
• Sore throat
• Trouble or pain while swallowing
• Ear pain
• Lump in neck or throat
• Change in voice of hoarseness
HOW IS VOCAL CORD CANCER DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is made by the doctor on the basis of a medical history, physical examination, and special investigations which may include a chest x-ray, CT or MRI scans, and tissue biopsy. The examination of the larynx requires some expertise, which may require specialist referral.
HOW IS VOCAL CORD CANCER TREATED?
Most of the time, the treatment of vocal cord cancer is based on its stage – how far it has spread in the body. But other factors, such as your overall health, may also affect treatment options. Surgery for these tumors is almost always complete removal of the larynx (total laryngectomy), but a small portion of these cancers may still be treated by partial laryngectomy. Some patients with small tumors may get radiation as their main treatment. The cancer is assessed again after the treatment is complete and if there is any cancer remaining, surgery is done.
DID YOU KNOW?
Excessive smoking and use of tobacco products increases the risk of Vocal Cord Cancer