Vitiligo is a skin condition that causes loss of skin color in patches or blotches. The extent and rate of color loss from Vitiligo is unpredictable. It may also affect the hair and inside of the mouth. Symptoms of Vitiligo are:
• Loss of skin color
• Skin discoloration
• Premature whitening of hair
• Loss of or change in color of the retina
• Discolored patches of skin in armpits, navel and genitals
HOW IS VITILIGO DIAGNOSED?
The doctor will use a family and medical history, physical exam, and tests to diagnose vitiligo. The doctor will do a physical exam to rule out other medical problems. Tests might include:
• Taking a small sample (biopsy) of the affected skin to be examined
• Blood tests
• An eye exam.
HOW IS VITILIGO TREATED?
Current treatment options for vitiligo include medical, surgical, and other treatments. Most treatments are aimed at restoring color to the white patches of skin. Medical treatments include:
• Medicines (such as creams) that you put on the skin
• Medicines that you take by mouth
• A treatment that uses medicine plus ultraviolet A (UVA) light (PUVA)
• Removing the color from other areas so they match the white patches.
Surgical treatments include:
• Skin grafts from a person’s own tissues.
• Tattooing small areas of skin.
DID YOU KNOW?
Vitiligo affects people of all skin colors, but more common in dark skinned people.