Thyroid is a small, butterfly-shaped gland located at the base of the neck just below the Adam’s apple. Thyroid is part of an intricate network of glands called the endocrine system. The thyroid gland manufactures hormones that regulate the body’s metabolism and there are several disorders that can arise when the thyroid produces too much hormones or not enough hormones. The most common Thyroid Disorders are Hashimoto’s disease, Graves’ disease, goiter, and thyroid nodules. Some of the common signs of Thyroid Disorders are mild weight gain, irregular menstruation, enlarged thyroid, hand tremors and other such signs.
HOW IS THYROID DISORDERS DIAGNOSED?
To diagnose thyroid diseases, doctors use a medical history, physical exam, and thyroid tests. They sometimes also use a biopsy. Nodules of the thyroid may or may not be cancer. A medical biopsy refers to the obtaining of a tissue sample for examination under the microscope or other testing, usually to distinguish cancer from noncancerous conditions. Thyroid tissue may be obtained for biopsy by fine needle aspiration or by surgery. Medical ultrasonography can help determine their nature because some of the characteristics of benign and malignant nodules differ.
HOW IS THYROID DISORDERS TREATED?
Treatment is based on the type of disorder. In most cases, the condition requires a long term approach with the right medications that help in regulating the hormones continually.
DID YOU KNOW?
The thyroid disorders resulting from the overproduction or underproduction of thyroid hormones can be treated with both conventional and alternative treatments which try to restore hormone levels to their proper balance.