Strabismus is reduced vision in one eye caused by abnormal visual development early in life. The weaker — or lazy — eye often wanders inward or outward. The signs and symptoms are:
• An eye that wanders inward or outward
• Eyes that appear to not work together
• Poor depth perception
• Squinting or shutting an eye
• Head tilting
• Abnormal results of vision screening tests
HOW IS STRABISMUS DIAGNOSED?
The health care provider will do a physical exam that includes a detailed examination of the eyes. Tests will be done to determine how much the eyes are out of alignment.
• Corneal light reflex
• Cover/uncover test
• Retinal exam
• Standard ophthalmic exam
• Visual acuity
• brain and nervous system (neurological) exam
HOW IS STRABISMUS TREATED?
The goal of strabismus treatment is to improve eye alignment which allows for the eyes to better work together (binocular vision). Treatment may involve eye glasses, eye exercises, prism, and/ or eye muscle surgery. Problems associated with strabismus (including amblyopia, ptosis, and cataract) are usually treated prior to eye muscle surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
For most children with this condition, proper treatment improves vision within weeks to several months. Treatment might last from six months to two years.