Tumors of the salivary glands are rare and represent 2-4% of head and neck neoplasms which can be both benign or malignant.Salivary gland tumors are abnormal cells growing in the gland or in the tubes (ducts) that drain the salivary glands.The most common type of salivary gland tumor is a slow-growing noncancerous (benign) tumor of the parotid gland. The tumor gradually increases the size of the gland. Some of these tumors can be cancerous (malignant).Signs and symptoms of salivary gland cancer may include
A lump or swelling on or near jaw or in neck or mouth
Numbness in part of face
Muscle weakness on one side of face
Persistent pain in the area of a salivary gland
Trouble opening mouth widely
HOW IS SALIVARY GLAND TUMORS DIAGNOSED?
An oncology expert would diagnose the problem with a CT scan and MRI. This would determine the course of the treatment.
HOW IS SALIVARY GLAND TUMORS TREATED?
Surgery to remove the affected salivary gland is the most effective method of treatment. Radiation and chemotherapy would be used if the disease has progressed beyond the affected area.
DID YOU KNOW?
In rare cases, surgery may damage the facial nerves