ROP is a problem of the eye that was earlier referred to as retrolental fibroplasia (RLF). Premature infants who had received intensive neonatal care are particularly prone to getting affected from the same. There is a disorganized growth of retinal blood vessels that leads to acute vision issues and even blindness. Usually underweight babies or very poor birth rates are prone to this.
HOW IS ROP DIAGNOSED?
Ophthalmologists perform specialized tests to diagnose ROP in infants. ROP screening does not begin until the infant is four to nine weeks old. The International classification of ROP divides the ROP into 5 stages. Stages 1 and 2 do not cause blindness, while other stages may lead to blindness if left untreated.
Ophthalmologists perform eye check up after dilating eye drops are administered
HOW IS ROP TREATED?
There are different approaches to treating this issue and Peripheral retinal ablation is the most common one. Certain other kinds of surgeries that are done here include Scleral buckling and/or vitrectomy surgery. Besides this, the child may also be given oral medicines like propranolol.
DID YOU KNOW?
Rop occurs in both eyes and is the most common cause of visual loss among children.