Rett Syndrome is a rare, genetic neurological disorder that affects the development of the brain. Rett Syndrome causes a progressive inability of the use of eye and body muscles. Infants with Rett Syndrome develop normally during the first 6 months later lose all the previously acquired skills. Symptoms are:
• Slowed growth
• Loss of normal movement and coordination
• Loss of communication abilities
• Abnormal hand movements
• Unusual eye movements
• Breathing problems
• Agitation and irritability
• Abnormal curvature of spine
• Irregular heartbeat
• Thin and fragile bones
HOW IS RETT SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
To diagnose Rett’s syndrome various tests may include:
• Blood tests
• Urine tests
• Imaging tests such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) or computerized tomography (CT) scans
• Hearing tests
• Eye and vision exams
• Brain activity tests (electroencephalograms, also called EEGs)
HOW IS RETT SYNDROME TREATED?
Physical, speech and occupational therapy would help patients manage daily chores and activities. Medications might be prescribed if patients experience seizures.
DID YOU KNOW?
This rare and severe disorder only affects girls. Signs and symptoms of this syndrome is usually exhibited within the first two years of life.