Pulmonary hypertension is a rare lung disorder in which the arteries that carry blood from the heart to the lungs become narrowed, making it difficult for blood to flow through the vessels. As a result, the blood pressure in these arteries -- called pulmonary arteries -- rises far above normal levels. This abnormally high pressure strains the right ventricle of the heart, causing it to expand in size. Overworked and enlarged, the right ventricle gradually becomes weaker and loses its ability to pump enough blood to the lungs.
HOW IS PULMONARY HYPERTENSION DIAGNOSED?
A pulmonologist would diagnose the issue by observing your family history and details along with doing a lung x-ray and scan. MRI and genetic testing is also done.
HOW IS PULMONARY HYPERTENSION TREATED?
Treatment for this problem includes using Blood vessel dilators (vasodilators), Endothelin receptor antagonists, High-dose calcium channel blockers, Soluble guanylate cyclase (SGC) stimulator and Anticoagulants although in some extreme cases surgery is also required like Atrial septostomy or even lung transplant.
DID YOU KNOW?
Pulmonary hypertension are serious conditions which become progressively worse and can be fatal. Some forms of pulmonary hypertension aren't curable and treatment can help lessen symptoms that improve quality of life.