The form of high blood pressure that affects the arteries in the lungs and the right side of the heart is known as pulmonary hypertension. Individuals with pulmonary hypertension would not exhibit any signs and symptoms in the early stages of this disorder but as the disease progresses they could experience fatigue, shortness of breath, chest pain and heart palpitations.
HOW IS PULMONARY HYPERTENSION DIAGNOSED?
A complete medical history, physical exam, and description of the symptoms are necessary to rule out other diseases and make the correct diagnosis. Other tests that might be ordered include:
• Blood tests:
• Chest X-ray:
• Pulmonary function tests:
• Polysomnogram or overnight oximetry:
• Right heart catheterization:
• Ventilation perfusion scan (V/Q scan):
• Pulmonary angiogram:
• Chest CT scan:
HOW IS PULMONARY HYPERTENSION TREATED?
Treatment of Pulmonary Hypertension aims at improving the symptoms and slowing its progression. Blood vessel dilators, high-dose calcium channel blockers and anticoagulants are some of the medications given to treat symptoms of Pulmonary Hypertension
DID YOU KNOW?
A specific type of Pulmonary Hypertension results in narrowing, blocking and destroying of pulmonary arterioles and capillaries.