Dwarfism is short stature that results from a genetic or medical condition. Dwarfism is generally defined as an adult height of 4 feet 10 inches (147 centimeters) or less. The average adult height among people with dwarfism is 4 feet (122 cm).Many different medical conditions cause dwarfism. There are two types namely disproportionate and proportionate dwarfism. The signs and symptoms in case of disproportionate dwarfism include:
• An average-size trunk
• Short arms and legs, with particularly short upper arms and upper legs
• Short fingers, often with a wide separation between the middle and ring fingers
• Limited mobility at the elbows
• A disproportionately large head, with a prominent forehead and a flattened bridge of the nose
• Progressive development of bowed legs
• Progressive development of swayed lower back
• A adult height around 4 feet (122 cm)
The signs of symptoms in case of proportionate dwarfism are:
• Height below the third percentile on standard pediatric growth charts
• Growth rate slower than expected for age
• Delayed or no sexual development during the teen years
HOW IS PITUITARY DWARFISM DIAGNOSED?
While Pituitary Dwarfism is caused by problems arising from the pituitary gland, an Endocrinologist diagnoses Pituitary Dwarfism by conducting a complete examination to ensure that the delayed growth is not a result of other underlying conditions, and X-Ray or other advanced imaging such as MRI, and CT scan.
HOW IS PITUITARY DWARFISM TREATED?
The most commonly adopted treatment for Pituitary Dwarfism is growth hormone therapy. This involves administering the remedy through regular injections. The doctors will base the treatment on the results obtained during the diagnosis, in particular the blood test figures. Where additional treatments are required to balance the patient’s all round growth and development, these are resorted to.
DID YOU KNOW?
There is no known way to prevent Pituitary Dwarfism.