Periodic Paralysis is a group of rare inherited disorders that cause temporary episodes of muscle weakness or paralysis. Periodic Paralysis is found in all races and in both sexes. Periodic Paralysis is caused by mutations in the genes that control the development and function of certain ion chemicals in the muscle membrane. Some of the common symptoms of Periodic Paralysis include headache, speech difficulties, and coordination problems, among others.
HOW IS PERIODIC PARALYSIS DIAGNOSED?
The disease is difficult to diagnose as the symptoms may indicate other conditions. About half of the people with this disease have migraine and this leads to wrong diagnosis. DNA testing and electromyography may help with the diagnosis.
HOW IS PERIODIC PARALYSIS TREATED?
Treatment for this illness depends on the extent of the symptoms. Medications used here include carbonic anhydrase inhibitors like acetazolamide along with having supplemental oral potassium chloride. Rehabilitation and physiotherapy are also known to benefit such patients and gain some muscle strength. In some cases, Pacemaker insertion or an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator could be required.
DID YOU KNOW?
This is a serious and life-threatening condition that eventually leads to early death if treatment is not implemented.