Ovarian tumors, or ovarian neoplasms, are tumors arising from the ovary. They can benign or malignant. The principal symptoms include fatigue, shortness of breath, increased abdominal girth, weight loss, non-productive cough, bloating, amenorrhea for premenopausal women and menstrual irregularity. Most ovarian neoplasms cause symptoms by exerting pressure on contiguous structures, resulting in increased urinary frequency, pelvic discomfort and constipation. Abdominal swelling results from enlargement of the tumour. Irregular vaginal bleeding can be observed.
HOW IS OVARIAN TUMORS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of the condition is done with the help of a physical examination followed by an ultrasound and other imaging tests like an MRI scan. These tests aim to create the image of the ovaries so that the growth may be studied. A biopsy will also be conducted to study the tumors for malignancy.
HOW IS OVARIAN TUMORS TREATED?
Chemotherapy is one of the most common ways of treating this condition, after surgical removal of the tumour. Also, this will be followed by radiation in certain cases. Surgery, chemotherapy and radiation may be carried out simultaneously in some cases, and individually in other cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
There are three types of ovarian tumour
Epithelial cell tumors start from the cells on the surface of the ovaries. These are the most common type of ovarian tumors.
Germ cell tumors start in the cells that produce the eggs. They can either be benign or cancerous. Most are benign.
Stromal tumors originate in the cells that produce female hormones.