Ovarian tumors, or ovarian neoplasms, are tumors arising from the ovary. They can benign or malignant. Ovarian tumours are subdivided into 5 main categories:
• Epithelial tumours, which account for about 75% of all ovarian tumours, and 90-95% of ovarian malignancies.
• Sex cord-stromal tumours, which account for about 5-10 % of all ovarian neoplasms.
• Germ cell tumours, which account for about 15-20 % of all ovarian neoplasms.
• Metastatic tumours, accounting for about 5% of ovarian malignancies, and usually arise from breast, colon, endometrial, gastric cancer and cervical cancers.
HOW IS OVARIAN TUMORS DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of the condition is done with the help of a physical examination followed by an ultrasound and other imaging tests like an MRI scan. These tests aim to create the image of the ovaries so that the growth may be studied. A biopsy will also be conducted to study the tumors for malignancy.
HOW IS OVARIAN TUMORS TREATED?
Treatment may require use of medications to regulate the menstrual cycle as well as reduce the symptoms. Surgery is an option to consider in case the tumours are non-responsive to medications.
DID YOU KNOW?
Women who smoke, take fertility drugs, are undergoing hormone replacement therapy or have a family history of ovarian, breast or colorectal cancer are at a higher risk of developing ovarian tumours.