Along with uterine cancer, Ovarian Cancer remains to be one of the most common forms of cancer that affects women, especially dose reaching menopause. Symptoms of this cancer form include irregular menses, heavier bleeding than usual, stones or tumours in the ovarian, pain accompanied with bleeding at random times, etc.
HOW IS OVARIAN CANCER DIAGNOSED?
The following tests are used to diagnose ovarian cancer:
• Blood test.
• Laparoscopy - a laparoscope (a thin viewing tube with a camera at the end) is inserted into the patient through a small incision in the lower abdomen.
• Colonoscopy - if the patient has had bleeding from the rectum or is constipated, the doctor may order a colonoscopy to examine the large intestine (colon). This test is not always used.
• Abdominal fluid aspiration - this is done if the patient's abdomen is swollen. A buildup of fluid in the abdomen might indicate that the ovarian cancer has spread.
• CT scan.
HOW IS OVARIAN CANCER TREATED?
Treatment usually includes the removal of either one or more of the ovaries. In rare cases, the entire fallopian tube may also have to be removed. However, post the ovary removal, chemo and radiation therapy is continued because of restricting the cancer cells and preventing a relapse. Also, if not treated on time, there is a chance of the cancer spreading to the uterus.
DID YOU KNOW?
Early-stage ovarian cancer, in which the disease is confined to the ovary, is more likely to be treated successfully.