Otitis media is an ear infection of the middle ear, the area just behind the eardrum. It happens when the eustachian tubes, which connect the middle ear to the nose, get blocked with fluid. Mucus, pus, and bacteria can also pool behind the eardrum, causing pressure and pain. Ear infections usually start with a cold. Although adults can get ear infections, they are most common in infants and young children.
HOW IS OTITIS MEDIA DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is usually done by a paediatrician or an ENT (ear nose throat) specialist, on the basis of the physical symptoms. Also, blood tests may be carried out in order to check for the existence of the bacteria that may have caused the infection. An otoscopy and tympanometry can also help in diagnosis.
HOW IS OTITIS MEDIA TREATED?
The majority of AOM infections resolve without antibiotic treatment. Home treatment and pain medications are usually recommended before antibiotics. Surgery may be needed to drain the fluid if the medications are not effective.
DID YOU KNOW?
Genetics can also play a role in increasing a child’s risk of getting Otitis Media.