Otitis Media is basically an infection in the air-filled space behind the ear drum. This is a painful condition that presents symptoms such as excessive crying, irritation, sleeplessness, ear and head pain, fluid drainage from the ear, diarrhoea, vomiting, lack of balance and temporary hearing loss. The condition is more common in children aged 6 months to 3 years.
HOW IS OTITIS MEDIA DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is usually done by a paediatrician or an ENT (ear nose throat) specialist, on the basis of the physical symptoms. Also, blood tests may be carried out in order to check for the existence of the bacteria that may have caused the infection. An otoscopy and tympanometry can also help in diagnosis.
HOW IS OTITIS MEDIA TREATED?
The majority of Otitis Media infections resolve without antibiotic treatment. Home treatment and pain medications are usually recommended before antibiotics are tried to avoid the overuse of antibiotics and reduce the risk of adverse reactions from antibiotics. In certain cases the doctor may suggest Surgery eg adenoid removal and ear tube surgery.
DID YOU KNOW?
In fact, 75% of all children get ear infections. They happen most often between the ages of 6 to 11 months. By age 1, 60% of children will have had at least one ear infection and 17% will have 3 or more.