Osteomyelitis is a bone infection in which generally the legs, arms and the spine may get affected. The infection is mostly caused by bacteria called Staphylococcus aureus. The symptoms of the condition may include fever with chills, irritability and lethargy in children, pain in the affected area along with swelling and redness.
HOW IS OSTEOMYELITIS DIAGNOSED?
A blood test will help in unravelling whether or not the body is fighting any kind of infection. Once this has been ascertained, the doctor will resort to the use of imaging tests like an X ray or CT and MRI scans to pinpoint the spread and extent of the damage.
HOW IS OSTEOMYELITIS TREATED?
Antibiotics may be all that’s necessary to cure the bone infection. In severe or chronic cases of osteomyelitis, surgery may be used in combination with antibiotics. Surgery is most often used to remove damaged bone and drain pus from wounds. In cases when prosthesis that’s causing the infection, the doctor may remove and replace it with a new one. The doctor will also remove any dead tissue near or surrounding the infected area.
DID YOU KNOW?
There are a few conditions and circumstances that can increase your chances of osteomyelitis, such as:
• diabetic disorders that affect blood supply to the bones
• intravenous drug use
• hemodialysis, which is a treatment used for kidney conditions
• trauma to the tissue surrounding the bone
• artificial joints or hardware that has become infected
• sickle cell disease
• peripheral arterial disease