Myopia is the most common refractive error of the eye, and it has become more prevalent in recent years. It is a medically term which is a vision condition in which people can see close objects clearly, but objects farther away appear blurred. It occurs if the eyeball is too long or the cornea (the clear front cover of the eye) is too curved. As a result, the light entering the eye isn't focused correctly, and distant objects look blurred.
HOW IS MYOPIA DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of Myopia can be easily done by a regular eye check up with an ophthalmologist. During the check up patients may be asked to read the eye chart after dilating the pupil. The doctor may also examine your eye through a bright light.
HOW IS MYOPIA TREATED?
While a doctor normally suggests eyeglasses and contact lenses to treat Myopia, however, refractive surgery or laser surgery is a permanent form of correction for Myopia. In case of a laser surgery, the cornea is reshaped to focus light onto the retina. After getting this surgery, the patient no longer needs to wear contact lenses or eyeglasses.
DID YOU KNOW?
Myopia runs in families and usually appears in childhood. Sometimes the condition plateaus, or sometimes it worsens with age.