Moyamoya disease is a rare condition in which the walls of the carotid arteries thicken and the arteries narrow, restricting or blocking the blood flow to the brain. Moyamoya disease is progressive, which means that the vessels will continue to narrow over time, and affects mostly children and adolescents. Moyamoya disease can cause episodes of weakness, paralysis in a limb or on one side of the body, sensory impairment, involuntary movements, headaches, speech problems, dizziness, or seizures. The disease also carries the risk of mental retardation and sustained neurological problems.
HOW IS MOYAMOYA DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same is done by a general physician who would observe these symptoms and also do an MRI or brain scan to check for these.
HOW IS MOYAMOYA DISEASE TREATED?
Treatment measures include aspirin (to prevent or reduce the development of small blood clots developing within the narrowed vessels), calcium channel blockers (which may improve symptoms of headache and in some patients reduce symptoms related to transient ischemic attacks), and anti-seizure medications.
DID YOU KNOW?
Prognosis of patients with Moyamoya Disease is difficult to predict