The menopause marks the time in a woman's life when her menstruation stops and she is no longer fertile. The menopause is a natural part of ageing that usually occurs between 45 and 55 years of age, as a woman's oestrogen levels decline. However, around 1 in 100 women experience the menopause before 40 years of age. This is known as premature menopause or premature ovarian insufficiency. Common symptoms include:
• hot flushes
• night sweats
• vaginal dryness and discomfort during sex
• difficulty sleeping
• low mood or anxiety
• reduced sex drive (libido)
• problems with memory and concentration
HOW IS MENOPAUSE DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis is done by a gynaecologist who would do an ultrasound and run some blood tests to check for hormonal issues along with other complications.
HOW IS MENOPAUSE TREATED?
Menopause requires no medical treatment. Medications may be given for a temporary period to relieve the symptoms. These include hormone therapy, vaginal oestrogen or anti-depressants.
DID YOU KNOW?
A consultation with the doctor is a must before starting any medication