Meningitis is an inflammation of the meninges, the membranes that cover the brain and spinal cord. Most cases are caused by bacteria or viruses, but some can be due to certain medications or illnesses. Symptoms usually come on quickly, and may include:
• Fever and chills, especially in newborns and children
• Mental status changes
• Nausea and vomiting
• Sensitivity to light (photophobia)
• Severe headache
• Stiff neck (meningismus)
HOW IS MENINGITIS DIAGNOSED?
In addition to blood tests to check the presence of bacteria and CT scans, a physical examination to check for any swelling or infection along the spine, ears, heard and throat would be performed. A spinal tap to check and analyse cerebrospinal fluid would be performed to confirm this diagnosis.
HOW IS MENINGITIS TREATED?
Treatment for Meningitis includes acute antibiotics to keep the disease in control along with giving the patient Oxygen therapy. Apart from this, supportive care and strict observation is essential along with expert care. Else, there is a high risk of relapse.
DID YOU KNOW?
Without prompt treatment, meningitis may result in the following:
• Brain damage
• Buildup of fluid between the skull and brain (subdural effusion)
• Hearing loss