Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome (LGS) is a type of epilepsy with different types of seizures, particularly tonic and atonic seizures. Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome is difficult to treat form of childhood epilepsy that mostly appears between the second and sixth year of life. Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome is characterized by a number of signs such as frequent seizures, abnormal EEG pattern and moderate to severe intellectual impairment.
HOW IS LENNOX-GASTAUT SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
A paediatrician would conduct an interview with questions about the seizures experienced. An EEG to record the activity of the brain might be performed. The effects of the medications prescribed need to be closely monitored. Special diets which are high in fat and low in carbohydrates could be recommended.
HOW IS LENNOX-GASTAUT SYNDROME TREATED?
The goal of the treatment is to reduce seizures with medications. Drugs such as Clobazam, Lamotrigine and Rufinamide are prescribed. There is no one treatment for this condition so the doctor will have to try out various options. A surgery may be suggested when medications do not help.
DID YOU KNOW?
Though this disease remains untreated, with simple management techniques and caution, the extent of it can be prevented. However, in Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome mortality rates go high due to accidents caused because of seizures and not the seizure itself.