The Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome is a rare a severe kind of epilepsy that starts in childhood. Children affected will have different types of seizures (tonic and atonic) that may sometimes be very severe. Seizures start between the ages of 2 to 6. There may be developmental delays and behavioural problems in children that may be mild or severe. The intellectual development in people affected with this condition may not always be impaired.
HOW IS LENNOX-GASTAUT SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
A diagnosis of Lennox-Gastaut syndrome is usually made based upon a thorough clinical evaluation, a detailed patient history and a complete physical and neurological evaluation including advanced imaging techniques, such as electroencephalography (EEG) and Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI).
HOW IS LENNOX-GASTAUT SYNDROME TREATED?
Unfortunately, this is one of the diseases where treatments rarely work. LGS seizures include options like anticonvulsants, anesthetics along with steroids that include immunoglobulins. However, the treatment differs drastically from child to child with many not reacting or responding to these medicines. Vagus nerve stimulation surgery could also be done.
DID YOU KNOW?
Though this disease remains untreated, with simple management techniques and caution, the extent of it can be prevented. However, in Lennox-Gastaut Syndrome mortality rates go high due to accidents caused because of seizures and not the seizure itself.