An irregular heart rhythm is when your heart beats too fast, slow, or irregularly. This is also called an arrhythmia. Within the heart is a complex system of valves, nodes, and chambers that control how and when the blood is pumped. If the functions of this vital system are disrupted, damaged, or compromised, it can change the pattern with which the heart beats. The symptoms include:
• feeling faint, dizzy, or lightheaded
• shortness of breath
• irregular pulse or heart palpitations
• chest pain
• pale skin
HOW IS IRREGULAR HEARTBEAT DIAGNOSED?
In addition to a physical examination a cardiologist would conduct certain tests to monitor the heart such as ECG. Monitors such as a Holter monitor or an event monitor may be attached to the patient to check heart rhythm. A stress test might be performed to induce the irregular heartbeat.
HOW IS IRREGULAR HEARTBEAT TREATED?
Treatment is usually not required for irregular heartbeat unless it is affecting the health of the person. Slow heartbeats known as bradycardias can be treated by the use of a pacemaker. Tachycardia or fast heartbeats can be treated by medications.
DID YOU KNOW?
There are several antiarrhythmic drugs that can help in treating this condition.