Inherited Erythromelalgia is a condition characterized by episodes of pain, redness, and swelling in various parts of the body, particularly the hands and feet. These episodes are usually triggered by increased body temperature, which may be caused by exercise or entering a warm room. Ingesting alcohol or spicy foods may also trigger an episode. Wearing warm socks, tight shoes, or gloves can cause a pain episode so debilitating that it can impede everyday activities such as wearing shoes and walking. Pain episodes can prevent an affected person from going to school or work regularly. The signs and symptoms of erythromelalgia typically begin in childhood, although mildly affected individuals may have their first pain episode later in life.
HOW IS INHERITED ERYTHROMELALGIA DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of erythromelalgia is established by a thorough evaluation of the characteristic symptoms and signs of the disease. Patient and family history can be helpful, and specialized tests may help to exclude certain disorders with similar symptoms. Genetic counselling should be adapted according to the family history of the patient and affected parents should be informed of the 50% risk of reoccurrence.
HOW IS INHERITED ERYTHROMELALGIA TREATED?
The treatment process includes reducing the signs of pain in the body through the medicines like aspirin. Some patients suffering from redness may be given ketamine topical creams to alleviate the symptoms. Tramadol or amitriptyline are also given.
DID YOU KNOW?
Erythromelalgia is often considered a form of peripheral neuropathy because it affects the peripheral nervous system, which connects the brain and spinal cord to muscles and to cells that detect sensations such as touch, smell, and pain.