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HOLE IN THE HEART
Hole in the Heart or atrial septal defect, is a hole in the wall that separates the two upper chambers of the heart. This is a congenital condition. Small holes in the heart usually disappear, but large and long standing holes damage heart and lungs. Symptoms are:
• Shortness of breath
• Swelling of feet and abdomen
• Heart palpitations
• Skipped heart beats
• Frequent lung infections
• Heart murmur
HOW IS HOLE IN THE HEART DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis of the same is done through a screening of the chest area followed with ECG and other similar tests like Cardiac Catheterization tests to check intensity of the hole.
HOW IS HOLE IN THE HEART TREATED?
Although many holes in the heart don't need treatment, some do. These days, most holes in the heart that need treatment are repaired in infancy or early childhood. Sometimes, adults are treated for holes in the heart if problems develop. Surgery or interventional procedures are usually required if the defect is significant and causing problems.
DID YOU KNOW?
Adults who have had atrial septal defect repair require regular follow ups.