Heart failure or congestive heart failure occurs when the heart is unable to pump sufficient blood to meet the body’s needs. Coronary artery disease is the common cause of heart failure. Symptoms are:
• Shortness of breath
• Fatigue and weakness
• Rapid or irregular heartbeat
• Increased urge to urinate at night
• Lack of appetite or nausea
• Chest pain
• Sudden sweat
HOW IS HEART FAILURE DIAGNOSED?
Diagnosis would be done by a coronary expert who would check for signs of different diseases and symptoms. Blood tests, chest x-ray, B-type Natriuretic Peptide (BNP) blood test and stress test are done along with ECG or EKG.
HOW IS HEART FAILURE TREATED?
Heart failure is a chronic disease needing lifelong management. However, with treatment, signs and symptoms of heart failure can improve, and the heart sometimes becomes stronger. Treatment may help live longer and reduce the chance of dying suddenly. Doctors usually treat heart failure with a combination of medications. In some cases, doctors recommend surgery to treat the underlying problem that led to heart failure.
DID YOU KNOW?
The best way to prevent heart failure is to control conditions that cause heart failure.