An anal fissure is a small split or tear in the thin moist tissue (mucosa) lining the lower rectum (anus). Anal fissures may cause painful bowel movements and bleeding. There may be blood on the outside of the stool or on the toilet paper (or baby wipes) after a bowel movement. Symptoms may begin suddenly or develop slowly over time. Other symptoms may include:
• A crack in the anal skin that can be seen when the area is stretched slightly (the fissure is almost always in the middle)
HOW IS FISSURE DIAGNOSED?
Physical examination and the symptoms you described should be sufficient for the physician to understand that the condition is indeed Fissure. For advanced diagnosis, Anoscopy is an option for both diagnosing the condition as well as to check the progress after treatment.
HOW IS FISSURE TREATED?
There are many ways to treat anal Fissures. These include home based treatments to relieve the muscled and to fix the constipation issue. It takes only a few days to rid you of the pain. Only if the condition does not improve even after weeks of these treatments should you consult a General Surgery department in a clinic to check if surgery is required. Lateral internal sphincterotomy is the name of the surgery performed for treating Fissures.
DID YOU KNOW?
Sometimes an anal fissure may be a painless wound that won't heal. It may bleed from time to time but cause no other symptoms. People who develop fissures once are more likely to have them in the future.