Exotropia is a type of eye misalignment in which either one or both the eyes turn outward. Exotropia can be a permanent condition or it may occur intermittently. It can either be an acquired condition or it may be congenital. Symptoms are:
• Both or a single eye turning outwards
• Children may squint one eye in the sunlight or rub one eye
• Blurry vision
• Double vision when eye is misaligned
HOW IS EXOTROPIA DIAGNOSED?
The various tests done by the eye specialist are:
• Visual acuity measurement in each eye and both eyes together (age appropriate)
• Cycloplegic refraction (with dilating eye drops)
• External or slit lamp exam
• Fundus (retina) examination
• Complete eye exam (age appropriate)
HOW IS EXOTROPIA TREATED?
Non-surgical treatment may include glasses or patching therapy. If the eyes are misaligned more often than they are straight and patient is experiencing eyestrain, double vision, squinting, then surgery on the eye muscles is recommended in order to realign the eyes. Surgery by ophthalmologist to correct Exotropia is performed to toughen or wane the effect of one or more of the muscles that move the eye.
DID YOU KNOW?
Exotropia can either occur from time to time, referred commonly as intermittent Exotropia, or may be constant, and it can be found in people of any age group.