Esotropia or ""squint,"" is a condition in which one or both eyes turns inward. The condition can be constantly present, or occur intermittently, and can give the affected individual a ""cross-eyed"" appearance. It may be intermittent or constant and may occur with near fixation, distance fixation, or both. The crossing may occur predominantly with one eye or may alternate between eyes.
HOW IS ESOTROPIA DIAGNOSED?
A thorough examination by an ophthalmology expert will help in diagnosis along with fundus or retina examination, slit lamp exam and Cycloplegic refraction by dilating the eyes using certain specially made eye drops.
HOW IS ESOTROPIA TREATED?
In most cases, treatment involves use of glasses that are specially designed to aid this condition. Addition of bifocals to the glasses may be needed for close work. Doctor may recommend eye drops, ointments and special lenses to straighten the eyes.
DID YOU KNOW?
The various risk factors involved are:
• Positive family history of strabismus (misaligned eyes), amblyopia, childhood cataract, or glaucoma
• Some genetic disorders that affect the eyes
• Pediatric cataracts or glaucoma
• But most often there are no known risk factors in children with esotropia