Esotropia is basically a kind of eye misalignment where on of the eye tends to be deviated inward or focussed towards the nose. It can happen between the two eyes also. The symptoms of the same vary and it is usually found in children. If the child constantly keeps suppressing the affected eye, they may develop amblyopia and adults may get diplopia. The treatment depends on the extent of the problem.
HOW IS ESOTROPIA DIAGNOSED?
Ophthalmologists diagnosis Esotropia after considering the family history. The doctor may determine if the acuity is equal in either eyes or whether it is stronger in one eye. Ocular misalignment if detected is then measured. Apart from these parameters, the general health of the eye and the refractive state of the eye is also evaluated.
HOW IS ESOTROPIA TREATED?
The treatment involves glasses to reduce the focusing effort and convergence of the eyes that may straighten the eyes. Sometimes the addition of bifocals to the glasses is necessary for close work. Eye drops, ointment, or special lenses with prisms added can also be used to straighten the eyes. Eye drops called miotics (phospholine Iodide) or special lenses called prisms can also be used to straighten the eyes in some patients depending on the cause and the size of the deviation. Where necessary, extraocular muscle surgery can be recommended to realign the eyes.
DID YOU KNOW?
This is also called as lazy eyes, where the vision of the eyes gradually becomes less because of constant strain and signals sent out to the brain.