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Erysipelas is a bacterial infection on the skin that is characterized by appearance of raised, red patches on the skin. The patches usually occur on the legs, toes, face, arms and fingers. The condition is actually caused as an infection of the upper layer of the skin, the epidermis. The symptoms of the infection include fever, chills, fatigue, headache, vomiting and general illness. The infection may also cause the lymph nodes to be swollen along with the predominant red rashes.
HOW IS ERYSIPELAS DIAGNOSED?
Your general physician would diagnose the same through physical examinations. They would check for swelling, feel the redness and may also conduct some blood tests or skin tests. Antibiotics like penicillin are provided to the patient. In cases where the entire tissue dies, surgery may be imperative.
HOW IS ERYSIPELAS TREATED?
Treatment depends on the severity of the rash. Oral or intravenous antibiotics are given for treating the skin inflammation. Symptoms of illness subside within 2-3 days. The skin returns to normalcy within a few weeks. Sometimes antibiotics are given even after the infection subsides in order to avoid relapse.
DID YOU KNOW?
If left untreated there could be other complications which are:
• an abscess
• blood clots
• gangrene, which refers to the death of body tissue
• blood poisoning, which occurs when the infection spreads throughout your bloodstream
• infected heart valves
• joint and bone infections