Epilepsy is a central nervous system disorder (neurological disorder) in which nerve cell activity in the brain becomes disrupted, causing seizures or periods of unusual behavior, sensations and sometimes loss of consciousness. Epilepsy is a group of related disorders characterized by a tendency for recurrent seizures. There are different types of epilepsy and seizures.
HOW IS EPILEPSY DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis is usually conducted with the help of an EEG reading and a thorough physical examination based on the symptoms that the patient may be experiencing. A nerve function test may also be conducted by a neurologist for effective diagnosis.
HOW IS EPILEPSY TREATED?
Epilepsy can be effectively treated through medication. The person’s age, overall health and frequency and severity of the seizures determine the type of medication required. Alternative treatments are also available for treating epilepsy.
DID YOU KNOW?
The family needs to be counselled about handling the patient when a seizure occurs