Endometrial Cancer is a form of uterus cancer that starts of along the lines of the uterus and then gradually spreads to other areas. It is easier to detect because of uterus bleeding, excessive bleeding, weight loss, pain in the stomach and other related symptoms. Menopause, obesity and hormonal changes are the primary causes of the same.
HOW IS ENDOMETRIAL CANCER DIAGNOSED?
The gynecologist will examine the disease with a pelvic exam. In severe cases there may be changes in the shape, size and feel of the uterus or surrounding areas. The various tests that may be recommended are:
• Endometrial biopsy
• Dilation and curettage (D and C)
• Pap smear (may raise a suspicion for endometrial cancer, but does not diagnose it)
• If cancer is found, imaging tests may be done to see if the cancer has spread to other parts of the body. This is called staging.
HOW IS ENDOMETRIAL CANCER TREATED?
The treatment depends on the stage of cancer. If it is in the earlier stages, than radiation and chemotherapy is suggested. In some cases, uterus removal becomes imperative. Hormonal therapy is also continued through the tenure to prevent the cancer from spreading. Palliative care is also a part of this process to help reduce pain.
DID YOU KNOW?
Endometrial Cancer is often detected in the early stages itself because it causes excessive vaginal bleeding.