Dry eyes is one of the most common problems that affects the eyes, which is also called keratoconjunctivitis and sicca. Unlike the dry eyes syndrome, which happens recurrently or is more intense, this problem is rather temporary. It happens because of lack of tears and lubrication in the eyes, which makes them irritated and causes swelling and redness too.
HOW IS DRY EYES DIAGNOSED?
Dry eyes can be diagnosed through a comprehensive eye examination. Testing, with emphasis on the evaluation of the quantity and quality of tears produced by the eyes, may include:
• Patient history to determine the patient's symptoms and to note any general health problems, medications or environmental factors that may be contributing to the dry eye problem.
• External examination of the eye, including lid structure and blink dynamics.
• Evaluation of the eyelids and cornea using bright light and magnification.
• Measurement of the quantity and quality of tears for any abnormalities
HOW IS DRY EYES TREATED?
The treatment for this condition usually includes the prescription of drugs like antibiotics to reduce the inflammation of the eyelids due to infection. Eye drops to treat the corneal inflammation may also be used in such cases, along with eye inserts for artificial tear production. Tear stimulating medication can also help.
DID YOU KNOW?
The use of special contact lens can also help in preventing dry eyes.