Dry eye syndrome, or dry eye disease, is a common condition that occurs when the eyes don't make enough tears, or the tears evaporate too quickly. This leads to the eyes drying out and becoming red, swollen and irritated. Dry eye syndrome is also known as keratoconjunctivitis sicca, or simply ""dry eyes"". Symptoms usually affect both eyes and often include:
• feelings of dryness, grittiness or soreness that get worse throughout the day
• burning and red eyes
• eyelids that stick together after waking up
• Temporarily blurred vision, which usually improves after blinking.
HOW IS DRY EYE SYNDROME DIAGNOSED?
The various tests to diagnose dry eyes syndrome include:
• Visual acuity measurement
• Slit lamp exam
• Diagnostic staining of the cornea and tear film
• Measurement of tear film break-up time (TBUT)
• Measurement of rate of tear production (Schirmer's test)
• Measurement of concentration of tears (osmolality)
HOW IS DRY EYE SYNDROME TREATED?
Treatment for dry eyes symptoms can be done by ayurveda, homeopathy or through Ophthalmology too. Medications are given for helping in increasing lubrication. Some are given to reduce swelling and redness too along with proper hygiene and health care measures. Preventive measures like keeping eyes away from pollution and smoke helps in the treatment also.
DID YOU KNOW?
Although dry eye syndrome may be uncomfortable, it doesn't usually cause any serious problems. The two main complications associated with dry eye syndrome are conjunctivitis and inflammation of the cornea.