Dilated Cardiomyopathy is a medical condition in which the heart’s ability to pump blood decreases due to enlargement and weakening of the left ventricle. Prolonged Dilated Cardiomyopathy results in weakening of the other heart chambers. Symptoms are:
Ø Heart failure symptoms
Ø Weight gain
Ø Blood clots
Ø Chest pain
Ø Sudden death
HOW IS DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY DIAGNOSED?
A cardiologist will take a personal and family medical history, do a physical exam using a stethoscope to listen to your heart and lungs, and order tests. He or she may refer you to a heart specialist (cardiologist) for testing.
Tests your doctor might order include:
1. Blood Test
2. Chest X Ray
5. Cardiac catheterization
7. Genetic screening or counselling
HOW IS DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY TREATED?
Treatment of Dilated Cardiomyopathy is aimed at decreasing the heart size. Medications are an immediate treatment option. Blood thinners are used to prevent blood clots. Lifestyle changes such as reducing sodium intake are advised by doctors. Surgeries and heart transplant may be needed in severe cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
A heart biopsy is rarely done to identify the cause of the dilated cardiomyopathy.