Dilated cardiomyopathy (DCM) is a condition in which the heart's ability to pump blood is decreased because the heart's main pumping chamber, the left ventricle, is enlarged and weakened. In some cases, it prevents the heart from relaxing and filling with blood as it should.Signs and symptoms include:
2.Shortness of breath (dyspnea) when you're active or lying down
3.Reduced ability to exercise
4.Swelling (edema) in your legs, ankles and feet
5.Swelling of your abdomen (ascites)
HOW IS DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis of the condition is done by a general physician or a cardiologist who will conduct imaging tests and an ultrasound as well as a biopsy of the myocardial chamber from where sample tissue is extracted. Also, an exercise stress test and echocardiogram can help in diagnosis.
HOW IS DILATED CARDIOMYOPATHY TREATED?
Treatment of Dilated Cardiomyopathy is aimed at decreasing the heart size. Medications are an immediate treatment option. Blood thinners are used to prevent blood clots. Lifestyle changes such as reducing sodium intake are advised by doctors. Surgeries and heart transplant may be needed in severe cases.
DID YOU KNOW?
Maintaining a healthy body weight is important to avoid dilated cardiomyopathy