Diamond Blackfan Anemia (“DBA”) is a rare inherited bone marrow failure syndrome, characterized by a failure of the bone marrow (the center of the bone where blood cells are made) to produce red blood cells. This failure causes the patients to become severely anemic. Affected people may have an unusually small head size and a low frontal hairline, along with distinctive facial features such as wide-set eyes, droopy eyelids, a broad, flat bridge of the nose, small, low-set ears, and a small lower jaw.
HOW IS DIAMOND-BLACKFAN ANEMIA DIAGNOSED?
A condition of hematology, the diagnosis can be made with a complete blood count. Genetic screenings as well as bone marrow biopsy can be conducted to diagnose the condition.
HOW IS DIAMOND-BLACKFAN ANEMIA TREATED?
Anemia in Diamond-Blackfan Anemia is treated by administering corticosteroids. Periods of remission may occur during steroid treatment. Blood transfusion is another method of treatment for severe anemia. Bone marrow transplantation may be done for treating the hematological aspects of DBA.
DID YOU KNOW?
The symptoms of this condition include pale skin, drowsiness, heart murmur and others.