Diabetic retinopathy is a diabetes complication that affects eyes. It's caused by damage to the blood vessels of the light-sensitive tissue at the back of the eye (retina).At first, diabetic retinopathy may cause no symptoms or only mild vision problems. Eventually, it can cause blindness.The condition can develop in anyone who has type 1 or type 2 diabetes. The longer you have diabetes and the less controlled your blood sugar is, the more likely you are to develop this eye complication. The common symptoms are:
1.Spots or dark strings floating in your vision (floaters)
4.Impaired color vision
5.Dark or empty areas in your vision
HOW IS DIABETIC RETINOPATHY DIAGNOSED?
A dilated eye examination is the best way to diagnose the condition. In ophthalmology, the test is almost immediately prescribed if you are a diabetic patient. The doctor may also test your general vision, measure your eye pressure to check for glaucoma and also look for any evidence of cataract.
HOW IS DIABETIC RETINOPATHY TREATED?
Treatment, which depends largely on the type of diabetic retinopathy you have and how severe it is, is geared to slowing or stopping progression of the condition.If you have proliferative diabetic retinopathy or macular edema, you'll need prompt surgical treatment. Depending on the specific problems with your retina, options may include:
1.Focal laser treatment
2. Scatter laser treatment
DID YOU KNOW?
During the diagnosis, the doctor will look for fatty deposits in the retina.