Chronic lymphocytic leukaemia is a type of cancer that begins in the bone marrow. This cancer affects a group of white blood cells known as lymphocytes that help in building immunity. This implies that people affected with this type of cancer begin to lose their immunity to some of the most common ailments such as cold and flu. The common symptoms of this condition include almost constant fatigue, abdominal pain and swollen lymph nodes, fever, night sweats, sudden weight loss and a series of frequent common infections.
HOW IS CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA DIAGNOSED?
Since it is related with the blood, haematologist may order for a blood test to diagnose Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia. Confirmation of diagnosis is through bone marrow aspiration and biopsy.
HOW IS CHRONIC LYMPHOCYTIC LEUKEMIA TREATED?
Oncologists do not usually treat patients at early stages of CLL. Treatment is started once the doctor observes significant changes. Common treatment options are chemotherapy, immunotherapy and radiation therapy. Surgery may be needed to fix an enlarged spleen when other treatment methods do not work.
DID YOU KNOW?
The chronic lymphocytic leukaemia is so called because this type of cancer progresses slowly when compared to other types of cancers.