Charcot Marie-Tooth disease is a group of inherited disorders that cause nerve damage. This damage is mostly in arms and legs (peripheral nerves). Charcot-Marie-Tooth is also called hereditary motor and sensory neuropathy. People with CMT may have:
• muscle weakness in the feet, ankles, legs and hands
• an awkward way of walking (gait)
• highly arched or very flat feet
• numbness in the feet, arms and hands
HOW IS CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE DIAGNOSED?
The diagnosis will be done by a specialist from the Neurology department who will begin with a physical examination that will check for reduced reflexes as well as deformities, especially in the foot. This will be followed by nerve conduction studies and a nerve biopsy, as well as genetic testing and Electromyography (EMG).
HOW IS CHARCOT-MARIE-TOOTH DISEASE TREATED?
1. Maintaining physical movement
3. Orthosis to correct gait
DID YOU KNOW?
Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease is one of the most common inherited neurological disorders, affecting approximately 1 in 2,500 people in the United States. The disease is named after three physicians who first identified it in 1886 - Jean-Martin Charcot and Pierre Marie in Paris, France, and Howard Henry Tooth in Cambridge, England (CMT).