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It is a type of ischemic stroke resulting from a blockage in the blood vessels supplying blood to the brain. It can be atherothrombotic or embolic. Stroke caused by cerebral infarction should be distinguished from two other kinds of stroke - cerebral hemorrhage and subarachnoid hemorrhage. The symptoms are determined by the parts of the brain affected which include:
1. weakness and loss of sensation on the opposite side of the body
2. abnormal pupil dilation
3. light reaction
4. lack of eye movement on opposite side
5. speech will be slurred if the infarction is on the left side of the brain
HOW IS CEREBRAL INFARCTION DIAGNOSED?
Physical examination of the person and specifically the head area will indicate abnormal pupil dilation, vision problems and abnormal light reaction. A CT scan or an MRI will be required to identify the part of brain that is damaged as well as the extent of damage.
HOW IS CEREBRAL INFARCTION TREATED?
Thrombolytic drugs along with use of intravenous rtpa therapy are recommended to patients with cerebral infarction. Angioplasty and stenting have begun to be looked at as possible viable options in treatment of acute cerebral infarction. Carotid endarterectomy (surgical removal of the stenosis) may decrease the risk of recurrence if performed rapidly after cerebral infarction. In tissue losses that are not immediately fatal, the best course of action is to make every effort to restore impairments through physical therapy, speech therapy and exercise.
DID YOU KNOW?
Depending on the area of the brain that is affected, a stroke can alter many aspects of a child's functioning such as speech, movement, behavior and learning. A stroke also may cause weakness or paralysis on one side of the body. The loss of function may be mild or severe, temporary or permanent.