It is said that at least one in 250 children will end up with cataract formation before birth or during early childhood. A cataract is born from an excess protein layer that coats the lens of the eye and gives rise to symptoms like blurry vision, near sightedness, difficulties in colour recognition and double vision.
HOW IS CATARACTS IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED?
The pediatrician would recommend laboratory tests which include TORCH titers, VDRL, serum calcium and phosphorus levels and urine for reducing substance. The differential diagnosis for leukocoria or white pupil includes retinoblastoma, PFV, retinopathy of prematurity, chorioretinal colobomas, toxocariasis.
HOW IS CATARACTS IN CHILDREN TREATED?
The treatment involves surgical removal of a cataract in an infant or child which is done under general anaesthesia using an operating microscope. Once the cataract has been removed, focusing power may be restored by using contact lenses, intraocular lenses or glasses.
DID YOU KNOW?
Cataracts are very rarely found in babies and children, but it may be found in children due to genetics, or infection during pregnancy or low birth weight