Cataracts of the eyes are like a cloudy film that blocks the vision by covering the lens of the eye. The condition is rare in children but many babies may be born with a cataract. The congenital cataract can be due to genes, low birth weight or complications in pregnancy. The earlier it is diagnosed, the more likely it is for normal vision to be restored. The prominent symptoms of cataract in children is when the baby does not respond to colours or is unable to see smaller objects, he or she may be too uncomfortable in bright light, child’s eyes may be misaligned or there could be loss of focus.
HOW IS CATARACTS IN CHILDREN DIAGNOSED?
The paediatrician would recommend laboratory tests which include TORCH titers, VDRL, serum calcium and phosphorus levels and urine for reducing substance. The differential diagnosis for leukocoria or white pupil includes retinoblastoma, PFV, retinopathy of prematurity, chorioretinal colobomas, toxocariasis.
HOW IS CATARACTS IN CHILDREN TREATED?
The treatment involves surgical removal of a cataract in an infant or child which is done under general anesthesia using an operating microscope. Once the cataract has been removed, focusing power may be restored by using contact lenses, intraocular lenses or glasses.
DID YOU KNOW?
Cataracts are very rarely found in babies and children, but it may be found in children due to genetics, or infection during pregnancy or low birth weight